Artificial Organs Essay

985 words - 4 pages

Artificial Organs

A new phenomenon in the fields of medicine, ethics, and bioengineering is the making and using artificial organs. An artificial organ is simply put a man-made device that is surgically implanted or integrated into, a human being to replace a loss function, for the purpose of restoring a specific function or a group of related functions so the patient may return to as normal a life as possible. The replaced organ doesn't necessarily have to be related to life support, but often is.
The development of such artificial organs is not something new; scientist, doctors and many other professionals from various backgrounds have played with the idea and attempted to create ...view middle of the document...

Improvement of the patient's ability to interact socially (cochlear implant) Cosmetic surgery after cancer or accident. Much more research is being done beyond life preservation in this area of bio med such as constructing and installing an artificial organ to give humans abilities which are not natural such as the areas of vision and memory. Seems far fetching or out of a science fiction movie but it is not. One success was achieved in 2002 when a British Scientist, Kevin Warwick, (Warwick, 2004) had a 100 electrodes fired into his nervous system in order to link his nervous system into the internet. With this in place he carried out a series of experiments including the control a robotic hand over the internet, a form of extended sensory input and the first direct electronic communication between the nervous systems of two humans.
Although very advantageous artificial organs come with more problems than solutions and many of these problems haven’t even existed yet. With technology growing at such a rapid rate it’s very hard for laws, medicine, and ethics to catch up. One of the most basic and common predicament with artificial organ transplant (Kolff, 1955) is fibrous encapsulation. This is when the body produces its own tissue that attaches to the implanted organ and covers the organ with scarring or fibrous tissue. With the artificial heart (Sableman) states in testing labs the animals after one year died of cardiac insufficiency. He goes on to say that allotransplants (one human to another) have better results for the transplant recipient but human transplant organs are never available in sufficient quantity that artificial organs are needed to meet the demands. Although the likely hood that the patient will die before receiving a human donation. Another con of artificial organ is the all to common joint replacement surgery. Joint replacement is an elective procedure with many risks and complications. Some of the complications are blood clots, pain, medications after the...

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