This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Article Critique: Gendered Pathways: A Quantitative Investigation Of Women Probationers' Paths

1163 words - 5 pages

Article Critique

In research methodology, feminist scholars blamed qualitative studies which many times failed to bring out the realities of women’s lived experiences (Price & Sokoloff, 2004). Although these experiences are unfortunate common struggles for women offenders, there seemed to be limited research that explored how those struggles in women’s lives seemed to affect their likelihood of recidivism. At last, the “pathways” perspective, which investigates whether women have distinct pathways to initial crime and recidivism compared to men, is improved mainly by qualitative methodologies. In the current study: Gendered Pathways: A Quantitative Investigation of Women Probationers’ ...view middle of the document...

Data from the study were taken from the Women’s Needs and Risk Assessment Project, a large scale research which designed and validated a gender-responsive risk. Measures of women’s need were taken from a risk/needs assessment interview, and from a self report, paper and pencil survey completed individually which was designed to supplement the risk/needs assessment interview.

The results for the three hypothesized gendered pathways are as follow. Childhood Victimization Model: variables in this model included measures of victimization during childhood, history of mental illness, history of substance abuse, current depression/anxiety, dynamic substance abuse, and prison admission (Salisbury & Van Voorhis, 2009). Results showed that although childhood victimization was not related to prison admission, “women’s childhood traumas was related to major mental health problems”, especially the two independent variables depression/ anxiety and addictive behaviors which led to recidivism. The second model was a Relational Model: variables in this model included relationship dysfunction, adult victimization, self-efficacy, current depression/anxiety, dynamic substance abuse, and prison admission. Results revealed that self-efficacy, current depression/anxiety, and dynamic substance abuse were all significantly related with the admission to prison. Relationship dysfunction and adult victimization did not show correlations with recidivism. The Social and Human Capital Model: included the following variables; family support, educational strengths, relationship dysfunction, self-efficacy, employment/financial difficulties, and prison admission. Educational strengths, self-efficacy, and employment/financial difficulties were found to be significantly correlated with prison admission.

Salisbury and Van Voorhis (2009) concluded that the three pathways were supported and were similar to previous qualitative research. The first model, childhood victimization showed that although child abuse did not affect women’s recidivism, depression/anxiety and substance abuse caused by childhood victimization did lead to imprisonment. The relational model revealed that women who had “experienced painful, unsupportive and unsatisfying, intimate relationships” where they had no control of the relationship were at risk for continuous recidivism. Lastly, the social and human capital model showed that the way women lived had an effect on offending behavior. The path model analysis supports the fact that some women offenders may go along certain pathways which result in recidivism not typically seen in men offenders.

Salisbury and Van Voorhis (2009) stated that there is “mounting evidence to suggest that women have unique life experiences that create unconventional pathways to recidivism.” The data based on the three pathways determine various gender-responsive needs. The findings in this study were consistent with past research and literature....

Other Papers Like Article Critique: Gendered Pathways: A Quantitative Investigation Of Women Probationers' Paths

A Critique Of Sentencing Outcomes Essay

1721 words - 7 pages due to the argument with her mother and awareness of the need to address her underlying alcohol problems. In assessing the proportionality of the sentence passed on Ms Hayes, it has been identified that the commission of a violent offence by a female is extremely rare but not unheard of (, 2013) but since the publication of The Corston Report in 2007, it has been felt that there is still a long way to go in sentencing women

Exploration of a Journal Article Essay

665 words - 3 pages Exploration of a Journal Article Margaret Schreiber Professor Randi Fass Sociology 100 Homeschooling is an Art, not a Science: The Impact of Homeschooling on Choice of College Major written by Lynn Phillips and published in Sociological Viewpoints is the article that I selected from the Strayer University database. The research and the article were written to support a hypothesis on homeschoolers and college choices

A Critique of a Kiva Programme Replication

2463 words - 10 pages A critical analysis of “Introducing and piloting the KiVa bullying prevention programme in the UK” by J. Hutchings and S. Clarkson 2015. Introduction The KiVa program was developed by Christina Salmivalli at the University of Turku in Finland, it was developed as a means to reduce and hopefully prevent bullying and victimization from happening in schools. KiVa is an abbreviation for “Kiusaamista Vastaan” which translates into “against

Article Critique of Psychological Treatment of Insomnia in Hypnotic-Dependent Older Adults”

1737 words - 7 pages Critique of Article #1 The title of the article, “Psychological treatment of insomnia in hypnotic-dependent older adults”, by Soeffing et al. (2008), gives an accurate portrayal of the research topic, as the wording is very understandable. The title clearly identifies the intended population of older adults, as well as reveals the key independent variable of cognitive behavioral therapy that is suggested to affect the dependent

Review Of Article "Asymmetric Reactions To Work Group Sex Diversity Among Men And Women" Written By Jennifer A. Chatman And Charles A. O'reilly

1476 words - 6 pages Introduction:The article explores how work group sex composition influences men and women and how this affects firm - performance. Past researches indicated that demographic similarities yielded improved financial performance (Byrne, 1971) yet the recent findings estimate that women expressed a greater likelihood of gender diversity than men. This paper is the first to explain why variations in work group sex composition might affect men and

A Critique of Adams and Backus

1233 words - 5 pages A Critique of Adams and Backus A Critique of: How to help people change by Dr. Jay E. Adams and Telling yourself the truth by Dr. William Backus and Marie Chapian Anita Meyers Liberty University Coun 507 February 3, 2011 Dr. Sandy Breazeale A Critique of Adams and Backus A Critique of: How to help people change by Dr. Jay E. Adams and Telling

Drivers of Brand Commitment: a Cross-National Investigation

3501 words - 15 pages -National Investigation. Jornal of International Marketing , 64-79. Frangos, C. (2013). Proceedings of the third International Conference: Quantitative, as well as, Qualitative Methodologies in the Economic & Administrative Sciences (QMEAS 2013). Christos Frangos. Ferrell, O. C., & Hartline, M. D. (2014). Marketing strategy: Text and cases. Mason, OH: South-Western/Cengage Learning. Gatti, L., Caruana, A., & Snehota, I. (2012). The purpose of

The Cues Program: A Review Of A Nursing Journal Article

738 words - 3 pages The Cues Program: A Review of a Nursing Journal Article Rachel M NURS The Cues Program: A Review of a Nursing Journal Article Infants born weighing less than 1,500 g are called very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. These infants are usually preterm and often require hospitalization in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU.) VLBW infants are at higher risk of developmental problems so there has been an emphasis on developing programs

An Abstract Is a Brief Summary of a Research Article

826 words - 4 pages An abstract is a brief summary of a research article, thesis, review, conference proceeding or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject or discipline, and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the paper's purpose.[1] When used, an abstract always appears at the beginning of a manuscript or typescript, acting as the point-of-entry for any given academic paper or patent application. Abstracting and indexing services for various

A Critique of Harry J. Lambeth’s Practicing Law in 1878

865 words - 4 pages Jessica Burt Michael Orf History Since 1875 November 17, 2014 A Critique of Harry J. Lambeth’s Practicing Law in 1878 In the article Practicing Law in 1878, Harry J. Lambeth describes the life of the lawyer from the Gilded Age. The Gilded Age was a period in time in which economic growth generated vast wealth, and politicians were mostly corrupt and often inadequate. He presents this story in the form of an article in which he shares

A Critique Of “The Common App Fallacy” By Damon Beres

976 words - 4 pages Zahraa Rahal Mrs. Nina Shalhoub English 204 1 October 2015 A Critique of “The common App Fallacy” by Damon Beres Damon Beres, a columnist for New York University’s Washington Square News, professes his point view on the Common College Application and lists what he believes to be wrong with it. Beres presents the main bulk of his argument in a conversational tone, which has emphasis over conciseness and logic rather than fact. It is

Related Essays

Critique Of Article Essay

1190 words - 5 pages Article Critique   Article Critique This paper summarizes and analyzes an article by Ruble and Turner (2000), entitled “A Systemic Analysis of the Dynamics and Organization of Urban Street Gangs.” The authors discuss how street gangs, which are highly complex, open and ongoing social systems with structures, processes and functionality, can be compared to family systems using a systemic and holistic perspective in order to provide

Article Critique: The Danger Of Arc Flash

582 words - 3 pages Unit IV Article Critique: The Danger of Arc Flash Columbia Southern University The Danger of Arc Flash This article is about the dangers of arc flash specifically fire fighters. The article explains what arc flash is and what the resulting injuries can be plus causes of arc flash in the workplace. It talks about the responsibilities of the employer and the employee and the standards for electrical safety in the workplace. The

Science Of Desire Article Summary And Critique

1293 words - 6 pages does not believe ethnography, with anthropologists’ help, indeed engineers and other had better get used to it. Critique Generally, I agree with the principles of this article. At first, let’s look at what is ethnography. According to the definition in the website Wikipedia: Therefore, ethnography using in business is a study of customers. Along with customer’s life condition and education level improving, customers pay more attention to the

A Critique Of Antigone Essay

918 words - 4 pages Taylor Bushart English 1020-02 Essay V 8 August 2014 A Critique of Antigone The story of Antigone, by ancient Grecian author Sophocles, is a tale of two conflicting systems of law and morality. On one side of the parallel there is Antigone, Oedipus daughter, who defies stately law by obeying divine law, and on the other there is Creon who is the enforcer of rule in the city and ignores the laws of the divine. Which system was in the wrong