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Art History Essay

1028 words - 5 pages

In funeral, generally, we use a funerary box, known as coffin, in order to display and contain the dead body. Coffin, comes from Greek word, kopina, which means basket (Lewis 2010). In earlier years before century, a coffin is included as an art that used to tribute loyal family such as king, queen, or God. This box that crafted before centuries is called sarcophagus. Sarcophagus comes from Greek words sarx, means “flesh” and phagein, means “to eat”. Mostly, sarcophagus is made from stone. This is because the artisan wanted it to be last long and be memorable. There are a lot of different kinds of sarcophagus that have been made in before centuries. The shape, size, and what specific stone ...view middle of the document...

The only natural part is the face where it shows no expression at all. As usual, there are few things that can help us to realize that this particular sarcophagus was made for royal family. On the top part of the lid, it has the headdress and unique beard that we always see within Egyptian culture. Those represent the status of royal member. The entire body was covered with many lines(7 lines according the museum record). Between lines, it has pictures of Isis (snake and human), Nepthys, Osiris (king’s mummy), horse, campfire and men with spears. It seems telling us about the story of what happened during that time. According to Davies et all¸(2010), Egyptians believe that sarcophagus will become new kingdom for the dead king (p. 53).
The second sarcophagus that I have seen in University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archeology and Anthropology comes from Italia. It has the Etruscan style of crafting which can be seen by the high artistic shape and the elegancy of the sculpture. So many details used in Etruscan style of crafting in order to represent the information that reveal glimpses of Etruscan life, especially their religiosity. The sarcophagus is called “The Reclining Man”. The sarcophagus was made in around 299 – 200 BC. It carved from a specific type of limestone called Tufa, a limestone that formed by precipitation of carbonate minerals from a certain level of temperature of water. This is representing the kingdom of water in underworld. To strengthen my explanation, the crafter also put two sea dragons on the front part of the sarcophagus as the guardians of the sea. This sarcophagus is about 2 feet height, 6.5 feet length and 2 feet width. Unfortunately, it is not in good condition. On the lid, the sarcophagus has a crafted man in reclining position. The man was so natural and details which make it in perfect human shape. The man is wearing garment that represent the royal members as we see in Rome,...

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