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Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas Fact Files Essay

1268 words - 6 pages

Aristotle
Name: Aristotle
Occupation: Philosopher
Birth date: c. 384 BCE
Death date: c. 322 BCE
Education: Plato's Academy, Lyceum
Place of birth: Stagira, Chalcidice, Greece
Place of death: Chalcis, Euboea, Greece

Synopsis
Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle was born circa 384 B.C. in Stagira, Greece. When he turned 17, he enrolled in Plato’s Academy. In 338, he began tutoring Alexander the Great. In 335, Aristotle founded his own school, the Lyceum, in Athens, where he spent most of the rest of his life studying, teaching and writing. Aristotle died in 322 B.C., after he left Athens and fled to Chalcis.
Early Life
In Athens, Aristotle enrolled in Plato’s ...view middle of the document...

The animals with red blood were mostly vertebrates, while the “bloodless” animals were labelled cephalopods. Despite the relative inaccuracy of his hypothesis, Aristotle’s classification was regarded as the standard system for hundreds of years.

Philosophy
One of the main focuses of Aristotle’s philosophy was his ordered concept of logic. Aristotle’s objective was to come up with a universal process of reasoning that would allow man to learn every conceivable thing about reality. The initial process involved describing objects based on their characteristics, states of being and actions. In his philosophical treatises, Aristotle also discussed how man might next obtain information about objects through deduction and inference. To Aristotle, a deduction was a reasonable argument in which “when certain things are laid down, something else follows out of necessity in virtue of their being so.” His theory of deduction is the basis of what philosophers now call a syllogism, a logical argument where the conclusion is inferred from two or more other premises of a certain form.
Death and Legacy
In 322 B.C., just a year after he fled to Chalcis to escape prosecution under charges of impiety, Aristotle contracted a disease of the digestive organs and died. In the century following his passing, his works fell out of use, but were revived during the first century. Over time, they came to lay the foundation of more than seven centuries of philosophy. Solely regarding his influence on philosophy, Aristotle’s work influenced ideas from late antiquity all the way through the Renaissance. Aristotle’s influence on Western thought in the humanities and social sciences is largely considered unparalleled, with the exception of his teacher Plato’s contributions, and Plato’s teacher Socrates before him. The two-millennia-strong academic practice of interpreting and debating Aristotle’s philosophical works continues to endure.

St. Thomas Aquinas

Name: St. Thomas Aquinas
Occupation: Philosopher, Priest, Saint, Theologian
Birth date: c. 1225
Death date: March 07, 1274
Education: University of Naples
Place of birth: Roccasecca, Italy
Place of death: Fossanova, Italy
Aka: Saint Thomas Aquinas
Nickname: "The Universal Teacher"
Nickname: "The Christian Apostle"
Aka: Thomas Aquinas

Synopsis
Philosopher and theologian St. Thomas Aquinas was born circa 1225 in Roccasecca, Italy. Combining the theological principles of faith with the philosophical principles of reason, he ranked among the most important thinkers of medieval Scholasticism. A power of the Roman Catholic Church and a creative writer, Aquinas died on March 7, 1274, at the Cistercian monastery of Fossanova, near Terracina, Latium, Papal States, Italy.
Early Life
The son of Landulph, count of Aquino, St. Thomas Aquinas was born circa 1225 in Roccasecca, Italy, near Aquino, Terra di Lavoro, in the Kingdom of...

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