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Arguementation Stem Cell Research Essay

894 words - 4 pages

In our current state of modern science, there is widespread controversy over the use of human embryonic stem cells. The human embryonic stem cell research is controversial because it requires the destruction of a human embryo. There is great belief that this research should be pursued because the resulting treatments that would follow could significantly improves the lives of many. The opponents of this research believe the destruction of these embryos is unethical because it is a soul or potential human being that’s being destroyed. This poses two questions: One, does the potential of becoming a human being warrant equal rights as an actual human being? Two, do the potential negatives of ...view middle of the document...

The proposed uses of embryos are not that of a fully developed human being, but rather three days after the fusion and formation of the diploid zygote. The use of a three day embryo consists of 150 cells which in comparison to the 100,000 cells in the brain of a fly. If our moral concern is about the protection from suffering, there should be more concern about killing flies than killing three-day human embryos. The claim that a three day old embryo as a potential human being is problematic because if this was the case then every cell with a nucleus given a certain manipulation could become a potential human being. “Every time you scratch your nose, you have committed a holocaust of potential human beings” – Sam Harris. If every three-day embryo had a soul worthy of our moral concern, this presents another problem. At this stage embryos can split into identical twins, and embryos can fuse into one known as a chimera. The arithmetic of souls does not make any sense, as these notions are prolonging the scarcely endurable misery of millions of human beings.

There are solutions for those who contend that the destruction of an embryo is the destruction of an innocent soul/person, and that there should be equality of rights for a person as well as potential persons. Excess embryos created for in vitro fertilization can be donated with consent and used for research leading to greater efficiency

1. In vitro fertilization generates massive numbers of unused embryos and many of these thousands are scheduled for destruction. The use of these embryos for scientific research would utilize this resource that would otherwise be wasted.

2. No new embryos have to be destroyed with...

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