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Arab Spring Essay

4828 words - 20 pages

Executive Summary
The aim of the research was to answer the main research question: ‘What caused the Arab Spring’
In order to tackle this question; desk research, case studies and an interview with Mr Farrid
Benkaddour have been conducted. Farrid Benkaddour is a Moroccan sociologist, he started his career in Morocco after obtaining his baccalaureate in 1984. Since then he has been a teacher in Morocco, afterwards he went to the Netherlands to teach Dutch people about Moroccan culture. He currently works for Arabika, a company that specializes in legal assistance, translations, language trainings and intercultural communications. The desk research revealed the opinions of the Arab ...view middle of the document...

Introduction:
Thomas Hobbes, an English philosopher, once argued that mankind used to live selfish lives. It was a war of all versus all, somewhere, ages ago people decided to collaborate and eventually formed societies, motivated by self-preservation. In order to form these societies, rules have to be made and a political structure has to be implemented.

But sometimes, the political organisation within a country, kingdom, empire or society is not working anymore, which causes people to express their discontent and possibly even revolt against the regime. There are multiple mutiny stories where the captain of a ship gets thrown overboard because his crew does not tolerate his way of ruling any longer.

Societies are, in a way, like a pirate ship, designed by revolutions, some societies started to rebel earlier than others but expressing ones dissatisfaction has always been there. It is within human nature. For instance, The Netherlands as it is today, is a product of the revolution that was led by Willem van Oranje. Contemporary France is a product of the French revolution and so on. However, rebellions and revolution have been happening since “the beginning of times” people seemed surprised by the current situation in the Maghreb and later on in the middle-east. Where different groups of people started demonstrating against their leaders and later on started a revolution to get rid of those leaders. This research report aims to find the answer to the following research question:

What were the causes of the Arab spring?

To get a balanced answer, different research methods will be used, desk research and an interview which will be the main tools to find an answer to the central question.
Because the subject is very vast and complex, several sub-questions have been made to make sure the answer to the central question is well funded.
Therefore the following questions will be answered by conducting a desk research and case studies.
-How did the leaders of the Arab world react on protests in their country?
-Have there been similar situations in the Arab world in the course of history?
-What is the future perspective of the prostesters ?
Eventually the answers to these questions in combination with the information that was gathered, will lead to a clear conclusion answering the research question.
Methods:
In order to gather information different methods of research have been used. The subject is rather complex and there are a lot of opinions and different versions of telling the facts out there. Think of Arab media in comparison with western media for example. The possibility of bias is taken into account.

The first method that was used to gather preliminary information is desk research. This method is used to find information on the subject, also it provided insight on historical events that were similar to the Arab spring. The information was gathered from different websites, to make sure the information...

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