This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Apprenticeship In Jamaica: Was It Successful?

2420 words - 10 pages

Cherelle Fox
His 272
Mr. Chris Curry
Apprenticeship in Jamaica: Was it successful?

The Emancipation of the British West Indies was anticipated as early as 1787, but was not achieved until the Abolition Act of 1833. However, in 1833 emancipation was not as complete as these words would suggest, as there were clauses in the Act about an Apprenticeship system which delayed complete emancipation until 1838. The Apprenticeship system was originally applied to the plan instituted in the interval between slavery and emancipation to prepare the slaves to assume the duties of freemen. The new law freed immediately those slaves under the age of six years old; however older slaves were to be ...view middle of the document...

Therefore, many regulations were attached to the apprenticeship system in a way to persuade the ex-slaves that their conditions will differ under the system. However, from the point of view of the ex- slaves, Apprenticeship had a number of conditions: the most important was that they were legally obligated to work without compensation for their former master for up to forty-five hours per week.Their term of continued compulsory labour depended on their status; for instance, former field slaves were to be apprenticed for six years while skilled apprentices and domestics were to be fully free after four years. According to Thomas Holt, he considered the Apprenticeship period a “half way covenant”, since the relationship between the planter and the worker was much the same as slavery.
In the case of Jamaica, where the assembly stipulated that the apprentices should work forty and a half hours, the planters were required to supply the customary rations and allowances they had provided during slavery. Beyond the time required by the law for the apprentices to serve their former masters, ex-slaves were free to negotiate conditions of work and wages with their former masters or with another employer. They could also choose not to work at all. Moreover, an additional mechanism was established to safeguard the apprentices. Special magistrates were appointed, largely from Britain, to arbitrate disputes between masters and their former slaves. According to Holt “the role of these magistrates was crucial, as planters and former slave owners were no longer empowered to punish ex their ex slaves”. Though these regulations were in play under the Apprenticeship system, they were substantially ignored by both the planters and the magistrates as many ex-slaves in Jamaica protested about the horrific treatment. One of the main reasons why the ex-slaves were hostile under the system was that they were not expected to work more than forty-five hours per week, however, the planters disregarded that regulation. The planters in Jamaica almost immediately adopted an ‘eight hours a day schedule’, which meant that apprentices had little time to cultivate their provision grounds, since Saturday was their market day and the fact that they were not allowed to cultivate their grounds on Sunday. The apprentices in Jamaica were unable to negotiate with their former masters about days that they can cultivate which further fuelled their animosity towards the Apprenticeship system and the planters. Historians Beckles and Sheppard had suggested that this not only inconvenienced the apprentices but also “prevented them from pursing alternate occupations to working on estates. The apprentices were kept dependant on the estates for their livelihood so that when full freedom came they would have been accustomed to look to the estates for their earnings”.
Furthermore, the apprentices also had to confront corrupted magistrates who often sympathized with the planters rather than the ex...

Other Papers Like Apprenticeship In Jamaica: Was It Successful?

How Successful Was Wolsey’s Foreign Policy in the Years 1515-1525?

780 words - 4 pages including near-complete control of England’s foreign policy. The extent of Wolsey’s success can be measured in several ways; these include the financial stability of the country, loyalty from England’s allies and respect for Wolsey (and Henry VIII) from English subjects and foreigners. Wolsey’s greatest achievement in creating a successful foreign policy was the Treaty of London, in 1518, which was known as a ‘universal’ treaty of peace, it united

How Successful Was Martin Luther King’s Campaign for Civil Rights in the Years 1955-1968?

3459 words - 14 pages grassroots support. African Americans started carpooling and dividing up their own transport systems using their own vehicles. This adds to the success of the Bus Boycott, creating it a truly successful campaign. MLK did have many successes in the civil rights movement, but he also had some failures. One of these was the Albany campaign in November 1961, the SNCC started campaigning in Albany state college in Georgia. The SNCC organised sit-ins at

How Successful Was The Regime In Overcoming The Opposition To The Regime

762 words - 4 pages How successful was the regime in overcoming the opposition to the regime? Opposition was slowly growing within the Tsars Empire and Alexander II felt threatened and took action that in fact reversed some of his reforms. He was very disgruntled that people were actually going against him, as he considered himself to have done so much for them, the biggest being emancipation. What he did not realise was this made people greedy and gave them a

How Successful Was Alexander Ii in Solving the Problems Facing Russia During His Reign?

1157 words - 5 pages serfs, followed by his overseeing of successful economic and military reforms. Arguably the greatest problem that faced Russia in 1855 was the outdated and feudal – like system of serfdom which lagged far behind the social infrastructures of other major European nations. This system, in which over 23 million serfs were forced to work for their food and keep under private landowners, Nobles, and the state, was both economically inefficient (as

How Successful Was the Nazi Regime in Achieving Its Economic Aims?

1631 words - 7 pages policy ensured that foreign spending became virtually non-existent thus suggesting that the aims of reducing foreign alliance were achieved or at least it seemed that way at the time. Furthermore, reducing unemployment was also a priority amongst other aims; there were strict measures put into place to achieve this. A pay freeze was introduced in 1933 and this was enforced by the Labour Front – the only union organisation left in the Reich after

Explain Why Chevron Was So Successful In Implementing These Self-Managed Work Teams

817 words - 4 pages Employee participation is a highly motivating factor for employees to complete their jobs successfully. However, when it comes to the reality of implementing employee participation, employers sometimes look over the concerns of their employees. Presently, companies are touting the benefits of various forms of employee participation in management decisions. In the article titled "Succeeding with self-managed work teams" there were several points

How Successful Was Bismarck in Bringing About the Full Unification of Germany in the Years 1871-78?

577 words - 3 pages 1878 gave Bismarck the opportunity to unite Germany with a newly strengthened economy, as well as encouraging German self-sufficiency, which Bismarck favoured, as he did not want Germany to become dependent on foreign imports and felt it essential that the country should be able to feed itself, in case of war. In conclusion, Bismarck was largely successful in bringing about the full unification of Germany in the years 1871-78, this is shown

What Problems Did Alexander II Face In 1855 And How Far Was He Successful In Solving Them?

1169 words - 5 pages In 1855, when Alexander II, son of Nicholas I, came to power as Tsar of Russia he was faced by many problems. Russia, being the backwards place it was needed reform. The gap between the noble class and the peasant class was enormous and causing problems. The serfs were being treated horribly; the legal system and educational system were in desperate need of changes. There were also governmental issues that needed to be addressed. Russia could

To What Extent Was Hitler Successful in Consolidating Nationalist Socialist Power After Being Appointed Chancellor in 1933?

2804 words - 12 pages To what extent was Hitler successful in consolidating Nationalist Socialist Power after being appointed Chancellor in 1933? On the 30th of January 1933, Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany. Within a year and a half Germany was a military dictatorship under his control. The speed and eventual success in Hitler’s consolidation of Nazi power is often analysed and discussed by historians. It is often wondered how a man from a small

In the Context of the Period 1825-1937, to What Extent Was the First Five Year Plan (1928-1933) the Most Successful Change to Russian Economic Output?

4029 words - 17 pages figures in collectivisation. One key problem in raising output through agricultural collectivisation was that the more successful peasants - branded ‘Kulaks’ – refused to adhere to Stalin’s plan and impeded collectivisation which led to agriculture being badly damaged after the first five year plan resulting in it not recovering until the end of the Second World War. Since the government desperately needed capital for investment in industry, it

"Make It New", Said Ezra Pound. What Was New In Modernist Lio

2234 words - 9 pages "Make it new", said Ezra Pound. What was new in Modernist poetry?Modernism was a complex movement, including many unique and varied features in its odd period of development in European and American writers. Broadly and retrospectively, four features were common; experimentation, anti-realism, intellectualism and individualism, although excellent Modernist poets can be found that only partly fulfil these requirements. As well as Ezra Pound many

Related Essays

Why Canada Was Successful In The War Of 1812

2294 words - 10 pages Lopardo6Umberto LopardoMr. FitzpatrickCanadian History (CHI 4U)7 February 2014Why Canada was Successful in the War of 1812North America as a continent has seen very diverse groups of inhabitants living on her for thousands of years such as: the Aboriginal peoples, the French, the English, the Americans, and finally, the Canadians. The one thing that all these groups had in common was their ambition for land. In some cases this meant decimating

To What Extent Was Khruschev Successful In The Destalinisation Policy

801 words - 4 pages How successful was Khrushchev’s policy of destalinization Destalinization was a political reform launched by Soviet Communist Party First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev at the 20th Party Congress, otherwise known as the secret speech. The main components of the reforms were changing or removing prominent institutions that had helped Stalin remain in power; the Stalinist political system, political party members that had supported him (beginning

Identify The Goal Of The Company And Describe The Strategy That Was Adopted To Achieve It. Explain With Full Reference To Available Information And Data How Successful, Or Otherwise, This Strategy...

1408 words - 6 pages Identify the goal of the company and describe the strategy that was adopted to achieve it. Explain with full reference to available information and data how successful, or otherwise, this strategy turned out to be in practice. Company overview Bunge Company was found in 1818 by a German merchant, Johann Peter Bunge in Amsterdam, Holland. It was to merchandise grains and imports from the Dutch colonies. The company has since grown to become one

To What Extent Was Lenin Successful In Implementing Communist Ideology After The Revolution? (1917 1924)

999 words - 4 pages a leader. Lenin utilised pragmatism effectively to secure his position this was shown in his changes of economic policy in 1921 and the use of violence in the form of the Cheka even though it meant he was turning away from basic communist principles. One factor that made Lenin a successful communist leader was that he was able to change his approach and ideas to suit the situation of his country. After the revolution in 1917 Lenin and the