Applying the Background and Methodology of the Research Process to Problems in Health Care
September 18, 2012
The Research Process and the Problems in Health Care
Teen pregnancy and family history of teen pregnancy research has not been fully studied. A peer-reviewed article that was published by the Journal of Psychology in Africa, entitled “Risk Factors Associated with Adolescent Pregnancy: An Exploratory Study”. This article describes a study done to see if there was a “relationship between Protective factors, risk factors and adolescent pregnancy(Ditsela & Van Dyk, 2011)”. This study gives results of 121 mostly bi-racial females in South Africa.
The purpose of this study is to inform readers that there are reasons for the behavior of teens and pregnancies. That teens with parental support and having high self-esteem would make the chances of teen pregnancy lower. The participants (teens in the West Coast of Africa) being given parent authority questionnaire, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Rotter’s Locus of Control, they are given a chance to honestly answer questions that are able to give researchers a better ideas of why risky sexual behavior and teen pregnancy happens.
The research questions in this article mainly would discuss topics that have to do with how the participants parents and how they were raised. Did they have the support and love of there parents, was there the control needed to help in. Below is an idea of the way the questionnaires the participants took was measured.
“The PAO is a measure parental support and parental authority, (Buri, 1991 ). The scale is a 5-point scale with responses ranging from 1=strongly disagree and 5=strongly agree. It has three subscales (authoritative, permissive, and authoritarian) with 10 questions each, totaling 30 items. Previous studies suggest the scale scores are highly reliable (Reitman, Rhodes, Hupp, & Altobello, 2002).The RSS measures self-esteem (Rosenberg, 1965). it is a 10 item self report instrument. It uses Guttman scaling or reverse coding and it is measured in a 4-point scale ranging from 1 to 4 (1 = strongly agree; 2 = agree; 3 = disagree and 4 = strongly disagree) (Ciarrochi & Bilich, 2006). Reliability estimates from previous studies are high (Ciarrochi & Bilich, 2006). Rotter's Locus of Control (LOC) scale called internal-external (i-E) Scale and was used to measure the levels of control of the participants. The scale is a 29 item scale which consists of six filter and twenty three force choice pairs with one internal and one external oriented statement each. High scores are indicative of externality and low scores are indicative of internality (Rotter, 1966). A scale test-retest reliability of .61 has been reported in a previous study (Lange & Tiggermann, 1981) (Ditsela & Van Dyk, P.12, 2011)”.
The definition of a hypothesis is a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigation. The hypothesis of this article is not stated; if there was a hypothesis it would most likely be about how the researcher feel there is a link between protective factors, risk factors and adolescent pregnancy. Also how low self-esteem and parental control is also contributors to teen pregnancy.
Independent and Dependent Variables
There are two different variables associated with an independent...