Unit 19: Applied sociological perspectives for health and social care
Assignment 1: Social Inequalities.
Within most known societies there are certain things that make it unequal. This means that the society experiences troubles because some aspects of it are making it uneven due to views, beliefs and attitudes being expressed and conflicting. This could occur because people view themselves as a higher social class than others.
People who may be unlucky within societies could be the subject of prejudice. This is a term referring to a set of fixed attitudes towards a particular social or ethnic group. The people who project these views are usually unwilling to accept any different ...view middle of the document...
This could be because of the individual’s race, age, colour or gender. An example of this could be an 18 year old telling a 16 year old what to do and making fun of him, purely because of his age.
When someone is being discriminated against, this can lead to them quickly feeling marginalised by society in general. This means they may have feelings of being ‘out on the edge’ or alone in relation to the rest of society because someone is discriminating against them. It will make them feel like they are not good enough to enjoy the status and ways of life enjoyed by others around them.
A term that is widely related to all of the above concepts (words in bold) is social exclusion. However it also caters to wider issues surrounding participation within society. The Social Exclusion Unit explain social exclusion as follows â
‘Social exclusion is a short hand term for what can happen when people or areas suffer from a combination of linked problems such as unemployment, poor housing, high crime environments, bad health, poverty and family break downs.’ (Stretch and Whitehouse 2010)
It is essentially when an individual or family feel that their economic, housing or living situations have gotten so dire that they feel excluded from society. An example of this could be a family having to live on the streets for a night because they couldn’t afford the rent, they then view the rest of their local community walk past them on the street without saying a word, concluding in them feeling disconnected.
P2 - describe the social inequalities that exist within society
Within today’s modern, industrialised society, there is overwhelming evidence that standards of health, the incidence of ill health or morbidity, and life expectancy, all vary by social groups and especially by social class. Those of a higher social class are deemed to live longer, enjoy better health and a higher quality of living than those in the lower classes. The Black Report (1980) and the Acheson Report (1998) are both influential studies that give detailed explanations for this fact.
There is also evidence to show that patterns of health and ill health vary in:
2. Culture and Ethnicity
Men have a...