Memory Project: Application to Learning and Study Habits
Memory is the capability to learn, retain, store and remember information from previous experiences. Memories are accumulated from prior experiences and recollected, which can influence change of behavior or thought. This ability can assist with learning and adapting to new experiences.
Short-term memory is information a person is thinking of at that particular instant, it is also known as “working memory” (Morris & Maisto, 2013, p. 187). Short-term memory is the ability to remember and process information at the same time. “Short-term memory acts as a kind of “scratch-pad” for ...view middle of the document...
Two types of short term memory skills that can be useful are rote rehearsal and chunking. These methods can help hold more information in the short term memory, until they can be relocated to the long term memory. Rote rehearsal is repetition of information, such as using flashcards and saying them aloud. Another skill called chunking is the process of breaking down a large piece of data into smaller chunks to make them easier to comprehend and remember.
Long-term memory skills are also useful and include elaborative rehearsal, mnemonics and schema. Elaborative rehearsal is much like rote rehearsal except it is “linking new information in short-term memory to familiar material stored in long-term memory” (Morris & Maisto, 2013, p. 193). In simpler words this means trying to relate the given information to something you already know. For example, if you meet someone named Joe, and you know coffee is also called Joe, you can easily relate the name to remember. Mnemonics are a great learning device and “aim to translate information into a form that the brain can retain better than its original form” (“Mnemonic – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia,” n.d.). Mnemonics use rhymes, acronyms and images to assist in remembering information that is difficult. A schema is a visual plan or outline based on past experiences, which can help us make connections.
Attention plays a pivotal role in memory. Incoming information can be selectively obtained by seeing, listening, smelling, savoring and sensing. “Think of attention as a highlighter. As you read through a section of text in a book, the highlighted section stands out, causing you to focus your interest on that area. Attention allows you to "tune out" information, sensations and perceptions that are not relevant at the moment and instead focus your energy on the information that is important” (Cherry, n.d.). Many of these stimuli get recognized and we can interpret them. Other stimuli can cause distractions.
Distractions can be a major cause of poor studying. Two types of distraction are internal and external. Some major internal distractions that I have are anxiety and fear of test taking. My major external distractions are my husband and children. Being a mother of two children and a wife I have experienced too many distractions while studying. I have found the best...