Associate Program Material
World War II and the Atom Bomb
Complete the charts in Parts 1 and 2 by providing the requested information. An example is provided in Part 1. Answer the questions in Part 3.
Part 1: Western Front
Major turning point
October 1942 to May 1943 Attack Germans from the southern side; expose the vulnerability of the Nazi empire Battle at El Alamein: German forces driven out of Egypt The American offensive finally drove the Germans from Africa, allowing the Allies to move toward Italy
July 10 1943
Aug 17 1943
Attack Germans and Italian and open the ...view middle of the document...
Nov 12 1942
Nov 15 1942
Japanese trying to reinforce land forces on the island.
The sinking of Kirishima, Japanese battleship.
Battle of Leyte Gulf
Oct 23 1944
Oct 26 1944
To isolate pan from the countries it had occupied in Southeast Asia
The US Navy’s 3rd and 7th fleets defeated Japanese naval forces in all four battles; Sibuyan Sea, Surigao Strait, Cape Engano, and the battle of Samar.
Cripples the Japanese naval capabilities, also blocking Japans oil supply line.
June 19 1944
June 20 1944
The Japanese wanted control of the inner circle of defense. The Marianas island was in the central pacific and having land-based fighters and bomber aircrafts would control the sea.
Japan losing majority of its carrier air strength. Japan was doomed before this battled started with being outnumbered and out ranked by the allies.
Eliminating the Imperial Japanese Navy’s ability to conduct large-scale carrier actions.
Feb 19 1945
March 26 1945
US wanted to capture the entire island
Securing Iwo Jima beach, where more troops and heavy equipment came ashore.
And the raising of the flag on Iwo Jima on top of Mount Suribachi, making Mt. Suribachi cut off from the rest of the island.
US gained control of Iwo Jima, allowing to stage area attacks for Japans main islands. Also providing staging area for operation downfall.
Fire raids on Tokyo
March 10 1945
To dissemble Tokyo, by starving the factories of required parts, and to destroy larger factories that would produce modern weapons.
To attack at night, so that the US had the protection of the night yet the light of the morning to return home.
Killing over 100,000 people and injuring another 100,000 people. Destroying over 15 square miles of the city with over a million homes being destroyed.
Battle of Okinawa
April 1 1945
June 22 1945
To occupy and use Okinawa as a base for air operations.
Capturing the Kadena and the Yomitan airbases, and seizing all of northern Okinawa.
US winning and occupied Okinawa, providing opportunities for the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Aug 6 1945
Aug 9 1945
To wipe out and destroy Japan. To...