University of Phoenix Material
Define the following terms found in Week One and Week Two readings:
Diversity is defined as differences in people such as race, religion, and ethnicity.
Ethnocentrism is the idea that a person’s own culture and way of life is greater than all others.
A melting pot refers to a place that includes both diverse racial and ethnic groups, that have come together to create a new culture. The United States is often referred to as a melting pot.
Minority groups are defined as groups whose members have considerably less power or control over their own lives than ...view middle of the document...
The term racial group pertains to minority and majority groups that are socially set apart because of obvious physical differences. (Schaefer, 2012) When dealing with racial groups, the physical distinctiveness proves to be the obstacle to acceptance by society. In America most people are considered black or white regardless of their heritage. There are many dark skinned people in this country that are considered Black or African American but in reality are not, some are from countries in the Caribbean Islands such as Jamaica while others are from South American countries like Peru.
Ethnicity and religious beliefs are also groups in which people are placed in to. Ethnic groups are distinguished from others based on their national origin or distinctive cultural patterns such as language and the foods they eat rather than their physical characteristics. Religious groups are separated into those who follow the Christian traditions and those who do not such as those who practice Islam and those that are involved in cults.
2. Why do people label and group other people?
Howard Becker explains the labeling theory as a concept that gives an explanation for why certain people are viewed as deviant and others participating in the same behaviors are not (Schaefer, 2012).The labeling theory goes hand in hand with stereotypes. Stereotypes are untrustworthy generalizations about all...