APA- REFERENCE WRITING
References cited in the text of a research paper must appear in a Reference List or bibliography. This list provides the information necessary to identify and retrieve each source.
• Entries should be arranged in alphabetical order by authors' last names. Sources without authors are arranged alphabetically by title within the same list.
• Write out the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work.
• Capitalize only the first word of a title or subtitle, and any proper names that are part of a title.
• Use an ampersand (&) instead of the word "and" when listing multiple authors of a single work.
• Use the ...view middle of the document...
Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and
Research, 45(2), 10-36.
Journal Article, more than two authors
Saywitz, K. J., Mannarion, A. P., Berliner, L., & Cohen, J. A.
(2000). Treatment for sexually abused children and adolescents.
American Psychologist, 55, 1040-1049.
Kandel, E. R., & Squire, L. R. (2000, November 10). Neuroscience:
Breaking down scientific barriers to the study
of brain and mind. Science, 290, 1113-1120.
Newspaper article, no author
New drug appears to sharply cut risk of death from heart failure.
(1993, July 15). The Washington Post, p. A12.
Newspaper article, one author, discontinuous pages
Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social
status. The Washington Post, pp. A1, A4.
For information on articles in press, special issues and supplements, translations, newsletters, etc. please see the APA resources at the end of the guide.
References to an entire book must include the following elements: author(s) or editor(s), date of publication, title, place of publication, and the name of the publisher.
No Author or Editor
Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (10th ed.). (1993).
Springfield, MA: Merriam Webster.
Baddeley, A. D. (1999). Essentials of human memory. Hove,
England: Psychology Press.
Beck, C. A. J., & Sales, B. D. (2001). Family mediation: Facts,
myths, and future prospects. Washington, DC: American
Corporate Author, Author as Publisher
Australian Bureau of Statistics. (1991). Estimated resident population
by age and sex in statistical local areas, New South
Wales, June 1990 (no. 3209.1). Canberra, Australian Capital
Gibbs, J. T., & Huang, L. N. (Eds.). (1991). Children of color:
Psychological interventions with minority youth. San Francisco:
For information on books that have been revised, translated, issued in multivolume sets, etc. please see the APA resources at the end of the guide.
Essays or Chapters in Edited Books
References to an essay or chapter in an edited book must include the following elements: essay or chapter authors, date of publication, essay or chapter title, book editor(s), book title, essay or chapter page numbers, place of publication, and the name of the publisher.
Massaro, D. (1992). Broadening the domain of the fuzzy logical model
of perception. In H. L. Pick Jr., P. van den Broek,D. C. Knill (Eds.), Cognition: Conceptual and methodological issues (pp. 51-84). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Bjork, R. A. (1989). Retrieval inhibition as an adaptive mechanism
in human memory. In H. L. Roediger III & F. I. M.
Craik (Eds.), Varieties of memory & consciousness (pp. 309-330).
Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
For information on chapters in multivolume sets, in translation, etc. please...