America Secedes from the Empire, 1775–1783
PART III: Applying What You Have Learned
1. Why were Americans so long reluctant to break with Britain. How does the Declaration of Independence explain ”the causes that impel them to separation” (see Appendix)?
2. Why was the Battle of Saratoga such a key battle in the Revolutionary War? Did Saratoga put the Americans on a clear path to victory, or only prevent them from being quickly defeated?
3. Why did Tom Paine’s radical vision of republican virtue and the rights of the people appeal to so many Americans at the time of independence? Why did more conservative Patriots develop a different vision of America’s republican ...view middle of the document...
Where the statement is true, circle T; where it is false, circle F.
1. T F George Washington was chosen commander of the American army primarily because of his military abilities and experience.
2. T F Following the Battle of Bunker Hill, King George made one last attempt at reconciliation with his American subjects and their Continental Congress.
3. T F The American invasion of Canada in 1775 was based in part on the false belief that oppressed French Canadians would rise up in revolt and join the thirteen colonies in revolt.
4. T F Tom Paine’s Common Sense was most important because it advocated not only American independence but a republican form of government based on consent of the people.
5. T F The Declaration of Independence justified American independence not on the basis of the historic rights of Englishmen, but on the basis of the universal natural rights of all humankind.
6. T F The Declaration of Independence made the colonists seditious rebels against the king and enabled them to seek foreign assistance for their cause.
7. T F The Loyalists considered the Patriots to be the traitors to their country (Britain) and themselves to be the true patriots.
8. T F Most Loyalists were executed or driven from the country after the Patriot victory.
9. T F The Loyalists were strongest in New England and Virginia.
10. T F The most critical result of General Burgoyne’s defeat at Saratoga in 1777 was that it led to the American alliance with France.
11. T F Americans’ enlightened revolutionary idealism made them believe that the rule of law and free commercial trade, not traditional power politics, should be the basis of all international relations.
12. T F By using delay and strategic retreat, General Nathanael Greene successfully thwarted the British attempt to crush the Revolution in the South 1780–1781.
13. T F At Yorktown, the Americans finally showed that they could win an important battle without French assistance.
14. T F American diplomats in Paris were successful in guaranteeing American political independence but failed to gain the territorial concessions they wanted.
15. T F Although Britain lost its North American colonies in the Revolutionary War, it gained strategic and military dividends that paid off in the much larger wars with Napoleon for control of Europe.
B. Multiple Choice
Select the best answer and circle the corresponding letter.
1. During the initial period of fighting between April 1775 and July 1776, the colonists constantly insisted that their goal was
a. the removal of all British troops from America.
b. to restore their rights within the British Empire.
c. complete independence from Britain.
d. to end the arbitrary power of King George III to impose taxes on them.
e. local autonomy and self-rule within the wider British empire.
2. George Washington proved to be an especially effective commander of American forces in the...