Anxiety Disorder, Socialization, And Human Development

1326 words - 6 pages

Anxiety Disorder, Human Development, and Socialization

Diversity and Cultural Factors in Psychology PSY/450

May 28, 2012

Anxiety Disorder, Human Development, and Socialization
The development of an individual depends on the success of human developmental stages and his or her exposure to positive socialization. The following will present the relationship between human development and socialization. Then explain what an anxiety disorder is and how the relationship between human development and socialization is affected by this disorder. Human development, socialization, and anxiety disorder have one common factor they relate to ...view middle of the document...

As the individual acquires the knowledge of his or her group he or she begins to develop a sense of personality and self. “Socialization therefore addresses two important problems in social life: societal continuity from one generation to the next and human development. (Gecas, 2011, para.1).”
Socialization is a process that takes a lifetime (Gecas, 2011). While parents and family are the most influential experiences throughout life also become a part of an individual’s socialization. Erik Ericson theory on development emphasizes the thought that socialization is something that an individual experiences throughout one’s life. Erickson’s theory gives eight stages that are associated with all the different developmental life stages, “trust versus mistrust, autonomy versus shame, initiative versus guilt, industry versus inferiority, identity versus identity confusion, intimacy versus isolation, generativity versus self-absorption, and integrity versus despair (Gecas, 2011, para. 28).” Human development and socialization are used to define what is normal in human development and how abnormal behaviors are recognized.
Anxiety Disorder
Anxiety disorder is a common disorder that affects children, adolescents, and adults. The exact cause of this disorder is relatively unknown and has nothing to do with upbringing or weakness (WebMD, 2012). There are many different types of anxiety disorders that include panic, social anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, post-traumatic, specific phobias, and generalized anxiety disorders. Symptoms of these disorders may vary but share many of the same emotional and physical symptoms like fear, uneasiness, obsessive uncontrollable thoughts, flashbacks of traumatic experiences, nightmares, repeated ritual like behaviors, problematic sleeping, muscle tension, inability to stay calm, nausea, and palpitations. Research on anxiety disorder takes the stance that a combination of factors like environmental stress and changes in our brain chemicals may be the cause. This conclusion is taken from the study that long periods of stress can change the chemicals in our brains that control moods changing the way that an individual handles stress. In Addition those who suffer from certain anxiety disorders have brain structures that show changes in the control of mood or memory. This disorder may have a slightly larger occurrence in women than men but, it is seen equally in Hispanic, Whites, and African Americans. Other studies have shown that anxiety disorder are inherited and run in families from parent to child (WebMD, 2012).
Anxiety Disorder Relationship to Human Development and Socialization
Anxiety disorder cause a person to react in an abnormal way to any given situation. This disorder affects children, adolescence, and adults and equally effects different cultural back grounds. Anxiety disorder is a social disorder because no matter a person’s race, age, gender, or culture stress is something that is felt. Long term exposures...

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