The mental illness I chose to write about is one that my mom suffers from which would be panic disorder. A panic disorder is a form of an anxiety disorder.
The history of anxiety disorders dates back before medical records were recorded. In the sixteenth century, anxiety was known as hysteria. Professional had different opinions on the cause of this disorder, for example, witchcraft, had to do with the uterus until men were found to have the same condition, the person is a hypochondriac, and demons were entering the body.
In the eighteenth century panic disorder was known as the “nervous illness."
Today we know that panic attacks are a sudden urge of overwhelming fear and anxiety.
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There are many side effects from these medications as it does not just target certain neurotransmitters. It alters your whole state of well-being.
Some of the more common symptoms are chest pain, one’s heart races, being dizzy, and sudden Closter phobic type symptoms, shaking, and throwing up. My mom experiences shortness of breath that would be her cue that she is going to have a panic attack. My mom then loses her ability to breath for a few seconds then hyperventilates. Sometimes she can slow her breathing down quicker than other times. If she is unable to gain control of her breathing, her cheeks and lips start to tingle. If you give her a paper bag to breath into, she will tell you that it feels like she is suffocating. My mom’s panic attacks are mainly due to high stress situations like death, fear something is going to happen and to be in large crowds.
It is the brains job to determine the amount of adrenaline that needs to be released and when the brain needs to have a proper connection to communicate with the central nervous system, the peripheral nervous system, and the body. When the chemistry is not in balance, communication is distorted or lost which can lead to the symptoms that were described above. For example, when my mom experiences a stressful situation, either adrenaline or epinephrine is pushed into her bloodstream. This would activate her fight or flight response which then signals a “shut off” device in her brain to stop the flow of adrenaline. If any of these signals do not get the message to stop sending adrenaline, which then cause the panic disorder. The neurotransmitters involved with treating and preventing Panic Disorder, as well as the body's adrenal glands, require vitamins and other nutrients to function properly. During times of stress, our bodies use up and excrete greater amounts of vitamin C and magnesium than usual. Vitamin C and magnesium are two essential nutrients which also are crucial for stress regulation.
Since most panic attacks feel like a heart attack or like one is going to die, most people go to the emergency room first then follow up with their family doctor. Your doctor will need to perform a physical exam and order a mental health assessment; a blood draw will also be . This is so other medical conditions or disorders can be ruled out like substance abuse as it can mimic panic attacks. Once a person is diagnosed the doctor will probably order an anti-depressant medication and or sedative. The doctor will most likely recommend that you eat healthier and at the same time every day along with getting plenty of exercise. He will also recommend that one stays away from street drugs, alcohol, caffeine, and get a fair amount of sleep. Along with this advice, the doctor will also recommend that you seek professional help like a psychiatrist. As mentioned before Aaron Beck is the founder of CBT and this practice is still used today but is known as talk therapy. Even though there are many types...