Anticommunism and McCarthyism
At the end of World War II, there was a continuing state of political conflict, military tension, proxy wars and economic competition that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union, commonly known as The Cold War. These two superpowers conflicted and were competitive about many things, but none greater than the difference in government. The Soviet Union, being a communist country was highly unfavorable to the majority of the world. The United States attempted to use containment as a primary ...view middle of the document...
The Senator, however, underestimated a bitter grudge held against him, by his Senate colleague Joseph McCarthy. Tydings, the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee, had described the allegations made by McCarthy as “fraud and a hoax.” Unfortunately, the voters in his state were cajoled into believing that he was guilty of softness toward communism. (McCarthyism)
In theory anti-communism and McCarthyism share the same ideology. Both are in opposition to the same thing, but their approaches are polar opposites. Anti-communism is an ideological belief that communism is wrong or harmful. It holds communism to be bad, regardless of how the communist party attains power, whether democratically elected, by revolution, of imposed by a foreign power. Whereas, McCarthyism was a specific political activity in one country- the United States- at a particular time. In whole, McCarthyism was a scare tactic that affected the entire landscape of the United States. Anyone who challenged the practice of McCarthyism was immediately accused of being associated with communism and could ultimately ruin your personal and business life; very similar to the Salem Witch Trials, which once accused, the only way to prove your innocence was death. Not only did McCarthyism change the American landscape, but the way the world viewed America. In a...