Writing 3 Assignment
1. Article 1
Abed, A., Q. (2011). Pragmatic Transfer in Iraqi EFL Learners' Refusals, International Journal of English Linguistics, 1(2), 166-185. doi:10.5539/ijel.v1n2p166
The study deals with pragmatic transfer of Iraqi EFL learners' refusal strategies as reflected by their responses to a modified version of 12- items written discourse completion task; and compare with two groups ,namely Iraqi native speakers of Arabic and American native speakers of English. The data were collected from task consisted of three requests, three offers, three suggestions, and three invitations. Each one of the ...view middle of the document...
In addition, the subjects are given different status in which the refuser is equal, higher, or lower to the refusee. The aim of presenting the three groups of participants is to point out the differences in realizing speech acts of refusals in different cultures and problems posed to L2 learners when producing speech acts in the target language. This paper will be useful for may study to know how refusals are performed in different cultures. The limitation of this reserach is that it study how people perform refusals in different situations, but not all situations. This study recommends second language teachers to help learners enhance their knowledge or competence of appropriate use of speech acts in the target language. This article will be a good reference for my research especially on refusal in cross-cultural scope.
3. Article 3
Al-Shboul, Y., Maros, M., & Yasin M., B., M. (2011). An Intercultural Study of Refusal Strategies in English between Jordanian EFL and Malay ESL Postgraduate Students, The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies, 18(3), 29 – 39.
This study investigates the similarities and differences of the speech act of refusals in English between Jordanian English as a Foreign Language (EFL) and Malay English as a Second Language (ESL) postgraduate students. Data were collected using a modified version of the Discourse Completion Test (DCT) initially developed by Beebe, Takahashi and Uliss-Weltz (1990). This article is valubale source for my topic. Results revealed that both groups used almost similar strategies with similar frequency in performing refusals and they differed in the use and frequency count of indirect strategies with the Malays using less indirect strategies than the Jordanians. The authors suggest that the results of this study are expected to be useful in studies in intercultural comparisons. This article will be a good base for my topic, source got from this article is beneficial.
4. Article 4
Farnia, M. (2012). An Intercultural Communication Study of Chinese and Malaysian University Students’ Refusal to Invitation, International Journal of English Linguistics, 2(1), 162-176. doi:10.5539/ijel.v2n1p162.
This study aims to investigate the pragmatic behavior of refusal to invitation by Chinese international university students and Malaysian university students in Malaysia. The second aim is to seek the respondents’ perception in the process of refusing an invitation regarding their cognition, language of thought, and perception of insistence after refusing an invitation. The subjects were selected from forty Chinese international students and forty Malaysian students at University Sains Malaysia, Malaysia. Data were collected through a written discourse completion task and an immediate structured post-interview. The focus are the similarities and the differences of the expressions used both by Chinese and Malaysian students. This article will be very useful for my study. The author...