Annotated Bibliography: Organization Development
The Webster University
Jacob T Fuller
Midterm Week 5
These articles discuss the broad public debate on organization development in modern world today. The author’s in the different articles claim the unrestricted conversation engaged in general population the needs and the definition of organization and development throughout corporate America. Some of the articles include how OD influences groups and individuals and different process that produce better results for an organization. Organizational development and change is devoted to research and development of theory ...view middle of the document...
Without being aware of these common issues and how to handle them correctly an individual can project multiple problems when trying to lead others. That alone can be very detrimental and can damage the development of an organization.
Blake, R. R., and J. S. Mouton. "Grid Organization Development," Personnel Administration, Vol. 30 (January 1967), 6-1H.
In this article the authors present an 8point blueprint for an effective organization and propose Grid OD as one way to get there. The goal of OD is to increase operational effectiveness and cohesive by increasing the degree of integration of the seven properties of organization: purpose, human interaction, structure, wherewithal, know how, culture, and results. Three of the seven properties are particularly critical for development. They are purpose, human interaction, and organization culture. OD clarifies organization purposes and identifies individual goals with them to increase efforts toward their attainment; the organization's culture may be responsible for many of the organization's difficulties and a low degree of integration within it. The following phases are ways to implement an OD program. 1) Study the managerial grid emphasis on managerial style, not on character or personality traits.2) Work team development to apply phase one learning. 3) Intergroup development is to achieve better problem solving between groups through a closer integration of units that have working inter relationships.
Boyer, R. "Development for the New Organizational Team," Business Quarterly, Vol. 34 (Winter 1969), 64-71.
This article focuses on the use of laboratory methods in an OD program designed to enhance the effectiveness of new organizational teams. Much of the description is on a new plant start up program implemented by a major US manufacturing corporation. The author goes into great detail about theoretical and practical aspects of the program, and offers suggestions for the transfer of the ideas and methods utilized to other organizational situations. He suggests the new team faces a number of important dilemmas, but the primary opportunity of the team is its newness. The assumptions about organizational functioning and effectiveness that were used by the OD consultants and the authority structure alone are insufficient to successful task completion.
Burke, W. W. "A Comparison of Management. Development and Organization Development," Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, Vol. 7 (Spring1971), 569-579.
In this article the author attempted to dispel the confusion that has arisen about the conceptualization and practice of OD, it is here compared with a more familiar strategy for change in organizations and management development. This comparison is made with respect to six dimensions, typical interventions, and reasons for use, goals, time frame, staff requirements, and values. OD is defined as a planned process of cultural change consisting of two phases, most important is...