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Animal Testing Essay

1232 words - 5 pages

Introduction

Every year, millions of animals are killed by the cosmetic companies to test their products. These companies use powerful drugs and lotions upon innocent animals to record the fatal side effects only to repeat the experiment over and over again regardless of the creatures’ pain and suffering. They also give various reasons to justify the cosmetic animal testing. The cosmetic companies claim that they test on animals to establish the safety of their products and ingredients for consumers. These companies also feel that they are safeguarding the environment. However, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) states that the companies do not require animal testing for cosmetics and ...view middle of the document...

Animals have been used for various reasons. Some have actually worshipped cats and some have even used animals as a way of living. In spite of all the good reasons, animals are surrogates for humans. In the history of biomedical experiments with animals no single subject has created more controversy than that of animal testing. The practice of testing cosmetics on animals began in 1933, soon after a woman used Lash Lure mascara to darken her lashes. The woman’s eyes first burned, then she went blind, and eventually died. Because of this incident, the Food and Drug Administration passed the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act in 1938 to protect the public from unsafe cosmetics. In the 1950s, organizations like the Animal Welfare Institute and The Humane Society of the United States were founded to devote attention to animal testing. Finally, in 1966, the United States Congress passed the Laboratory Animal Welfare Act, which regulated only the acquisition and handling of animals by dealers. In 1970, Congress amended this act to include the care of animals in research institutions.

Arguments for Testing

The supporters of animal testing argue that the advantages that animal testing has brought to humans are greater than the pain inflicted on these animals. They add that the lives of animals may be worthy of some respect, but the value we give on their lives does not count as much as the value we give to human life. Human beings are considered living beings that have the capability and sensibility that is much higher than animals. Hence, if animal testing is eliminated, many of the medication and procedures that we currently use would not have existed. In addition the cosmetic products that we use, like the eye shadows and soaps, the sunscreen, if not correctly tested may cause danger to human life. Protecting human health is the main purpose of carrying out animal tests. The companies carry out these tests to establish the safety of the products beyond doubts. It is also the consumers who have been pressuring these cosmetic companies to offer safe and improved products.

Argument against animal testing

The critics of animal testing argue based on morality, the necessity or validity of the procedure, and of course the reliability. Like all other living things, animals have the rights to live and we are no one to take away the life of these innocent animals.

The primary tests used to test the products for safety are the Lethal Dose 50 (LD50) test, Draize Test, Skin Irritancy Test, Acute toxicity and chronic toxicity. Kitten convulsing after being doused with a chemical, a rabbit tender skin eaten by the corrosive substance, rats in death throes after huge amounts of soap being pumped into their stomach, a beagle cowering alone in her box like cage. It is just...

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