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Animal Cloning Essay

823 words - 4 pages

Animal Cloning

We are not on Old Mc Donald’s farm anymore. As the population grows, so does the need for meat. The new and advanced solution is animal cloning. Cloning is the creation of an organism that is an exact genetic copy of another. This means that every single bit of DNA is the same between the two. There are two different kinds of cloning: somatic cell nuclear transfer and artificial embryo twinning. One of the reasons that cloning is attractive is that it reduces the effort and time needed for farmers to do what they have been doing for years: selecting and propagating the best of the herd (Limson 1).
In somatic cell nuclear transfer, first a somatic (udder) cell containing a ...view middle of the document...

It can be used to increase the accuracy of selection and therefore the rate of genetic progress, to speed up the dissemination of the genes from animals of exceptionally high genetic merit to the commercial population. It would then reproduce transgenetic animals (Stice 2).
Because cloning would create the best of the population in time, there would be no need to treat the produced animals for diseases, deformities, and other problems. In addition, cloning animals could be used in the conservation of endangered and rare species. Because in this process any DNA could be used, hypothetically there would be no endangered species. Furthermore, cloning could potentially be used to “bring back” extinct species.
There are many different questions and concerns about animal cloning. The most common according to the University of Utah, are ethical, legal, and social issues. Those of ethical are the considerations of the moral outcomes. In essence, this poses the question of what is going to happen if we play God? Legal controversies would include what policies and guidelines would be in effect. Social issues would involve the impact of cloning technologies on today’s society as a whole. If FDA lifts a voluntary moratorium on the sale of cloned meat to consumers as the policy stands now, once the moratorium is lifted, Consumers will have no knowledge of, or control over whether animal...

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