November 20, 2013
Do we really love animals?
The truth behind animal research and testing
Animal research and testing has been a huge controversial topic in the U.S. For many years, lots of organizations like PETA have created movements to eliminate this completely but without very much success. Personally, I can’t find any positives to animal research and testing but the majority of the U.S population does since animals are used in most major companies and research projects performed by doctors. Animal testing should be eliminated altogether.
To begin, doctors race to find a cure to many illnesses that come up with humans. They work long ...view middle of the document...
There are many organizations that strongly oppose of the use of any animals in research or testing, regardless of the conditions. For example, PETA and the Humane Society are the ones who are known the most in the U.S. They are the two most active organizations in this field. Even though they have succeeded in reducing the use of dogs and cats in research, it is still alarming the number of animals being used. Recently, in May of 2007, Lerner Research Institute in Cleveland was put under investigation because a neurosurgeon cause a brain aneurysm in an anesthetized dog. A brain aneurysm is when the arteries in your brain develop weak spots causing these spots to fill up with blood and may rupture in the brain. (Brain 2) The doctor performing this surgery was showing a group of 20-25 salespeople a medical device. He allowed these people with no knowledge of medical training to attempt the procedure on the dog. This dog was later “destroyed” by the clinic as said in the article because of the damage caused to his brain. (U.S 1) This dog’s fate was unethical and inhuman. Stories like this is what moves the Humane society and PETA to fight for animal rights and eliminate this horror completely.
In 1959, two scientists by the name of Rusell and Burch established a model-based research called “The Three R’s”. The three “R’s” are replacement, reduction and refinement. Most people who feel that animal research is necessary but don’t like the idea of how the animals are mistreated, are usually in favor of this. Replacement refers to methods that avoid or replace using animals in testing. Instead, they use computer models, human volunteers or animal cells, tissues and/or organs from animals killed in a humane way. Reduction refers to methods with minimal animal use. In this method, scientists do their research by taking CT scans, x-rays, CAT scans, and MRIs. While refinement refers to improvements in scientific procedures that help minimize the pain and suffering of the animal. Examples of refinement methods include non-invasive techniques, training the animals, and accommodating to the animals lifestyle. Most people might agree that theses three methods are more humane than others, however, they are still not entirely a solution.
Most animal research labs now a days are very secretive because of the simple reason that many extremist act out against them in inappropriate ways. There are always cases where people sneak into these labs and release all the animals and also destroy the property. Even though I understand the good intentions of the people, it is not the proper way to solve this problem. Having these labs be more secretive in fact can be worse. The people who control the animal-testing lab will feel that if no one knows that they exist, they can do whatever they want. They are more likely to mistreat and misuse the animals because they wont have to be worried about abusing the law. All laboratories, if there should be any, should be...