Ancient China Essay

770 words - 4 pages

Politics of the Sui Dynasty: The 29 year Sui Dynasty built the Grand Canal and began the restoration of the Great Wall. This required over-taxation of the peasants. A rebellion in 618 ended the dynasty. The country returned to a focus on establishing a legal code.
The political structure has endured. A central government system united China under a new system. Political unity returned as nomads and nobility were brought together under state control and the bureaucracy was rebuilt. (Craig, et al, 2010). The central government was known as the “System of Three Cabinets and Six Departments” (Sui Dynasty, n.d.). The three cabinets were a legislative policy making branch, a deliberation branch ...view middle of the document...

Society of the Tang Dynasty: Wise governing, national strength, international trade and a strong economy established a stable social order. An open door policy was in place and there was a lack of corruption (Chinese Culture, n.d.)
Economics of the Tang Dynasty: The dynasty faced economic stress due to the focus on the arts and pleasurable existence. Political weakening of power led to further economic distress.
Politics of the Song Dynasty: The policy of examination based on knowledge of Chinese literature and Confucian classics did not create a class of equality during the Song Dynasty. Although a member of the lower classes might succeed in the examinations, the highest positions were given to members of prominent families. The quality of government employees improved with better salaries and as a result of passing examinations.
Society of the Song Dynasty: The revival of Confucian attitudes was prevalent replacing the popular Buddhism. Male dominance was strengthened, and emphasis on rituals and obligation reinforced class, gender and age distinctions (Craig, et al, Chapter 12). This period is remembered for the accomplishments in science, technology, literature, and the fine arts (Craig et al, Chapter 12). With the invention of paper, the literacy level was high.
Economics of the Song Dynasty: Art and technological advances flourished. Due to the canals, rice growing regions became prominent. Trade with other countries was reopened. Exports...

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