This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Analysis Of Semantics And Pragmatics In Two Texts

1518 words - 7 pages

Analysis of Semantics and Pragmatics in Two Texts

Linguistics is the science of a language. Linguists depend on the use of certain aspects in order to analyse, describe and explain a human language; these aspects include semantics and pragmatics.
Semantics can be defined as the study of "meaning" of lexical words and expressions independently of context. Where pragmatics is the process of recognising the "invisible meaning" of lexical items and expressions; taking into account the speaker's/ addressee's intention, the status of hearer/ receiver and the actual situation.
This paper will explain the process we, as humans usually follow to understand a certain text or utterance. This ...view middle of the document...

The extensive use of these terms throughout the article was a necessity since the main topic is about a medical condition.
Another lexical field was elaborated in this article being the family relationships such as mothers, fathers, husbands, wives, children etc.
Antonymy or the use of two lexical items that represent the opposite meaning appear in this article such as men and women, males and females, wives and husbands, mothers and fathers, vent and defend etc. The use of these terms in this article is more likely for the purpose of comparison. Most of these antonyms are relational opposites; these opposites indicate two ends of a relationship between persons.
Also there were synonymous sense relations between few lexical items in the text for example, husband and hubby, males and men, females and women. These lexical items have the "same" meaning, however they are not absolute synonyms because the terms males and females are more general than the terms men and women because the first set could refer to a larger group of people, being all males/females. Another non-absolute synonyms are the terms hubby and husband, where the word hubby is the more colloquial term for husband.
Homonymy also occurs in this article through the use of the term "food" in the phrase "here is a little food for thought" shown in comment 1. The term food here even though it has the same phonological and written form of the term food which means "the nutrients eaten by human or animals for the purpose of staying alive". However, in this context "food "for thought can be expressed as a positive idea or piece of information given from the writer to the reader to enhance the knowledge of the reader.
In comment 2 the expression "wouldn’t lift a finger" has a homonymous sense relation because such expression could be interpreted literally as not lifting a finger, where in this context this expression means that the writer's husband failed to help her with the housework even by doing little things.
Pragmatically speaking, verbs like "love" in comment 1 "love the way everyone gets emotive about men" forms an expressive speech act because the writer or the addressee is expressing his feelings.
There is also a referential relationship between some expressions, for example in comment 2 in the first phrase being “Last week, hubby came home with flu. I also had “it”. The expression “It” in this context is an example of anaphora meaning that the “ It” here refers back to an already introduced entity, being the “flu” in this case.
Also based on the pragmatic analysis of article 1, the lexeme "sympathy" which occurred in the first paragraph of the actual article " to seek sympathy for their ailment from their partners" has a different denotative meaning than that of the writer's intention because the most direct meaning of the this lexeme is associated with the feelings and emotions of the sympathy that needs to be paid when someone passes away. Where in this context the...

Other Papers Like Analysis Of Semantics And Pragmatics In Two Texts

Resurrection And Redemption In A Tale Of Two Cities

848 words - 4 pages are ending. Finally, the sacrifice Carlton made was not as much for Darnay but for Lucie, and in doing so he can no longer wallow in despondency, but achieve redemption, and rebirth.A Tale of Two Cities is a classic novel loved by all. Through vivid characters, Dickens is able give a reader a personal bond to certain characters in the novel. The theme of resurrection is one that can tie most characters in the novel together. Dr. Manette, Darnay

Action Of Saliva And Hydrochloric Acid In Two Carbohydrate Solutions

395 words - 2 pages _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ QUALITY - Performs work thoroughly effectively accurately QUANTITY - Completes the necessary amount of work Is able to prioritize tasks KNOWLEDGE - Is capable in handling all phases and details within job specifications HUMAN RELATIONS - Is willing to work with others Is able to work with others COMMUNICATION SKILLS - Effectively presents written ideas and information to others JUDGEMENT - Is able to make decisions based

"It Is Circumstance That Enables Us To Reinvent Ourselves And The World Around Us" Discuss In Relation To 'Life Of Pi' And Three Related Texts Of Your Choice

1706 words - 7 pages won't make you see higher or further or differently". Martel presents parallel stories whilst retaining relevancy and connections between the two and presenting to his audience the idea that although people experience the same reality, it is a consequence of this reality which determines our perception and manipulation of experience and thus makes individual's journeys different. Pi, as a consequence of the circumstances in which he is placed

Cash Flow Analysis of Two Companies

1771 words - 8 pages Lin wants to take less of a role in managing Shang-wa and has not groomed anyone to take over for him. Lester fills that management void instantly with their management talent. Evaluating some of the objectives from week two there are several insights and questions that could arise from the eventual outcome of the final outcome of this scenario. If Lester and Shag-wa decide to establish a joint venture by either a buy out or forming a joint

A Tale of Two Cities Analysis

858 words - 4 pages and biographies, such as A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens, can be used to make history more enjoyable and relatable to students in modern times. A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens is a prime example of literature that can be used to aid students in learning about history. Though it was written in 1859, almost 100 years after the book takes place, it had a series of relatable characters, all of whom were affected by the tension in the

How Has Your Understanding Of The Concept 'The Creation And The Fall', Been Enriched By The Study Of Prescribed Texts In Term One?

965 words - 4 pages central theme of Paradise Lost. As a basic element in Western theology, its importance can hardly be overstated. From these few Bible pages, Milton constructed an epic poem of literary proportions that does justice to the immensity of the subject matter. The epic language that follows, depicted in both books, will recreate the greatest event in history: the battle between God and Satan, good and evil as well as the fall of Adam and Eve. Both texts

Do The Texts In Richard Strauss' Don Juan And Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion Present A Straightforward Contrast Between Male Figures Of Authority And Passive Women?

2067 words - 9 pages Do the texts in Richard Strauss' Don Juan and Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion seem to present a straightforward contrast between male figures of authority and passive women?Both Richard Strauss and Bernard Shaw adapt from popular myth and legend in their work Don Juan (1888-1889) and Pygmalion (1912). Like the original, their male characters have position of dominance over the female characters. But Strauss and Shaw also weave a twist into their

M1 – Discuss Similarities and Differences in the Nutritional and Energy Requirements of Two Groups of Individuals

554 words - 3 pages M1 – Discuss similarities and differences in the nutritional and energy requirements of two groups of individuals I chose to look at two different social groups, which is a pregnant women and a teenage girl that is 16 years old. The differences between the pregnant woman and the 16 year old teenage girl, is when it comes to their energy and nutritional requirements, for example: the teenage girl who is 16years of age needs to have 1800

Authority Represented In Three Seventeenth And Eighteenth Century Texts By Women

2124 words - 9 pages . For Astell, the result is a lack of education imposed by believed male superiority, and religious authority. For Carleton, male authority limits her prospects of marriage, class mobility, and even her safety from prosecution. Montagu sees the Muslim veil as a liberty from some of the sexual restrictions that are imposed on English women, in part by their own reliance on fashion. In all three texts, however, authority (whether it is that of

Investigation of action of saliva and hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate soulution

572 words - 3 pages Title Investigation of action of saliva and hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solutions. Objectives To investigate the action of saliva and hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solutions. Apparatus and Equipments 10 Boiling tubes, Metal test tube racks, Beaker, Graduated plastic dropper, White tile, Water bath, ~ 37 degree celcius and Water bath, ~ 95 degree celcius. Materials Carbohydrate solution A, Carbohydrate solution B

The Eucharist In Fellowship Of The Ring, Return Of The King, And Two Towers

1018 words - 5 pages The Eucharist in Fellowship of the Ring, Return of the King, and Two Towers       J.R.R. Tolkien's use of waybread takes on the properties of the Catholic Eucharist in The Lord of the Rings. He creates lembas, a special kind of dried bread and made it the primary food source for the main characters. This special food is, in certain ways, a type of Eucharist, as defined by the Catholic church. Specifically, the parralells can be found

Related Essays

In Comparing The Two Texts You Will Have Become Aware Of How The Contexts Of Texts Shaped Their Form And Meaning. Of More Interest, Perhaps, Is A Comparison Of The Values Associated With Each Text

1212 words - 5 pages Contexts in which texts are created shape the meaning and interpretation of individual writings and can often portray parallel concepts. Jane Austen’s Elizabethan novel Emma (1815) and Amy Heckerling’s cinematic adaptation, Clueless, (1990) both exemplify the thematic concerns of the complexity of relationships, self-realisation and the roles of women. Heckerling transforms a 200 year old story to suit current audiences through a recreation of

Belonging Essay Using ‘Strictly Ballroom’ And Two Related Texts

1174 words - 5 pages Belonging Essay using ‘Strictly Ballroom’ and two related texts Belonging is important in Baz Luhrmann’s Strictly Ballroom, Looking for Alibrandi by Melina Marchetta and Minh Bui Jones’ feature article, On Home and Haven. These texts show how belonging or to fit into a group and be part of something is essential to human existence and brings more meaning to one’s life. Belonging is about being comfortable with the people you interact with and

Critical Analysis Of Change In A Tale Of Two Cities

637 words - 3 pages A Tale of Two Cities When writing a book, most authors are writing about an issue they have.However, other themes become apparent through the course of the piece, eitherconsciously or subconsciously. One such theme is a reversal of characters in A Tale ofTwo Cities. Individuals and groups of people change dramatically from the outset of thebook all the way up to its conclusion. Three of the most obvious changes in character areSydney

Analysis Of Two Print Advertisements

1262 words - 6 pages Analysis of Two Print Advertisements For this piece of coursework I will be looking at two different adverts made by the same company, Muller, and finding the techniques that are used and what the effect of these methods are on the reader. The first advert is for Muller light mousse. It has a picture of a large mousse pot in the foreground, which has been manipulated to make the viewer’s eyes believe that it is the