ANALYSIS OF BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT IN SWEDEN
Supervisor: Alcina Nunes
Students: Ruta Rudokaite
and Aiste Sankauskaite
Demography and geography 3
Political, social and legal environment conditions 6
Political Conditions 6
Social conditions 7
Legal environment 8
Economic environment 9
Economic conditions 9
Entrepreneurship conditions 12
Competitiveness indicators 14
Demography and geography
Sweden is a northern European country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula, as we can see in Figure 1, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of ...view middle of the document...
highest point: Kebnekaise 2,111 m |
Natural resources: | iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropower |
Land use: | arable land: 5.8%
permanent crops: 0.02%
other: 94.18% (2011) |
Natural hazards: | ice floes in the surrounding waters, especially in the Gulf of Bothnia, can interfere with maritime traffic |
Environment - current issues: | |
| acid rain damage to soils and lakes; pollution of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea |
* The total population of Sweden was last recorded 9.5million people in 2013 January 1. As we can see from the figure 2, Sweden Population has been growing since 2006.
* In 2012 Sweden population growth expressed of percentage was 0.7 according to World Bank.
* Life expectancy at birth for total population is 81,18 years (male 78,86 and female 83,63years) in 2012.
* Population density (people per sq.km) was 22,5 in 2012 and it is substantially higher in the south than in the north.
* About 85% of the population live in urban areas.(2010)
Figure 2: Population of Sweden from 2006 till 2013 on January 1
Source of Data: Eurostat
Swedish is the official language of Sweden and is spoken by the vast majority of the 9,5 million inhabitants of the country. It is a North Germanic language and quite similar to its sister Scandinavian languages, Danish and Norwegian. Swedish is not only the official language of Sweden, it is also one of the official languages of Finland. By 2005 survey: 89% of Sweden's population can speak in English, 30% French and 11% German.
According to the Eurobarometer Poll 2012, the religions in Sweden are the following: Protestants 41%, Orthodox 1%, Catholics 2%, Other Christian 9%,Buddhist 1%, Other 3%, Atheist 13%, Agnostics 30%.
Political, social and legal environment conditions
Concerning the public sphere, there is a strong sense of community and high levels of civic participation in Sweden, where 92% of people believe that they know someone they could rely on in time of need, slightly higher than the OECD average of 90%.
Voter turnout, a measure of public trust in government and of citizens’ participation in the political process, was 84% during recent elections. This figure is higher than the OECD average of 72%. There is little difference in voting levels across society; voter turnout for the top 20% of the population is 89% and for the bottom 20% it is 83%, narrower than the OECD average gap of 12 percentage points and suggesting there is broad social inclusion in Sweden’s democratic institutions.
Below we observe the voter turnout for the major parties of Sweden. Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt's centre-right coalition (the Alliance, consisting of Moderate party, Centre party, Liberal People’s party and Christian Democrats) won 173 seats in a definitive count issued by the election commission. The Alliance beat the Social...