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Analysis Of Basic Concepts Of Carl Rogers’ Client – Centred Therapy

5279 words - 22 pages

EVANGELICAL THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY
OSIJEK, CROATIA

ANALYSIS OF BASIC CONCEPTS OF CARL ROGERS’
CLIENT – CENTRED THERAPY

COURSE: Individual Counseling
PROFESSOR: dr. Sc. Zoran Vargović
STUDENT: Damir Pil
YEAR OF STUDY: 2nd – Mth
DATE: 29th May 2012

1

CONTENT

Introduction............................................................................................................................. ............... 3
I Rogers’ Theory of Personality .................................................................................................. ..........4

Organismic Valuing Process........................... ...view middle of the document...

”1 Carl
Rogers was raised in belief that human nature is not only corrupt, but is also worthless. He made
a huge step from this belief with his ideas and client – centred therapy which were a great
challenge both to religious concepts and Freud’s view on human nature as destructive and
irrational.2
Of all other approaches I decided to present this part of humanistic approach because it is
clearly opposite to the intensive biological and deterministic postulates of the Freudian model in
which Rogers clearly established a most personal and positive view of human experience. What
attracted my attention is Rogers’ characteristic view on individual. Not only Rogers sees people
essentially good but he states that everyone has innate capability to develop during their lives
and advance through struggles. Because I am interested in simplicity of Rogers’ therapy withal
knowing how influential he is on Christians, I decided to get know his theory better, find out its
limitations, advantages and disadvantages.
This research paper is going to present basic pos tulates of Carl Rogers’s humanistic and
phenomenological theory. Purpose of this research is to give clear presentation of basic elements
of person – centred counselling, with review on its contributions, advances, and imperfections .
First chapter will introduce Rogers’ view on self and actualization theory; second chapter
will present basic conditions for quality therapeutic process in person – centred therapy, while
third chapter presents Christian view on Rogers’ therapy.
1

Stanton L. Jones and Richard E. Butman, Modern Psychotherapies: A Comprehensive Christian
Appraisal (Downers Grove, Illinois: Intervarsity Press, 1991), 256.

3

I ROGERS’S THEORY OF PERSONALITY
Organismic Valuing Process
Besides behaviourism and psychoanalysis, there is third force in psychology, well known
as humanistic psychology, which most famous developers are Carl Rogers and Abraham
Maslow. Carl Rogers established non - directive therapy, which is later called client-centred
therapy, and currently person - centred therapy.3 Person – centred counselling has its grounds on
a theory of personality which is known as self – theory.4 It seems that person – centred therapy
does not have specific therapeutic techniques but is more focused on relationship between
therapist and client. Also, as Siang – Yang Tan asserts it “does not formally engage in
psychological diagnosis but rather treats each client as a unique individual.” 5
This therapeutic approach, developed by Carl Rogers, differs from teaching of his
predecessors because it takes a positive view of individuals, believing that they tend to move
toward becoming fully functioning organism (this concept will be more deeply explained further
through this research). Rogers offered to us „holistic and humanistic perspective, viewing the
person as a whole organism that interprets experience consciously and purposefully.” 6 He based
his...

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