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Analisis Jabatan Guru Essay

3367 words - 14 pages

pengaruh analisis jabatan terhadap kesiapan mengajar guru di smp negeri 8 mandau, kecamatan mandau – kabupaten bengkalis

Tugas individu
Mata Kuliah : Filsafat Ilmu

Oleh :
RINA ANAFITRA
NIM :1110247340

PROGRAM MAGISTER MANAJEMEN PENDIDIKAN
POKJAR DUMAI
UNIVERSITAS RIAU
PEKANBARU
2012
BAB I
PENDAHULUAN

A. Pendahuluan
Pendayagunaan pegawai di dalam organisasi adalah kunci keberhasilan suatu perusahaan di dalam menghadapi persaingan usaha. Proses pendayagunaan pegawai tersebut dimulai dengan analisis organisasi untuk mengetahui jenis jabatan yang diperlukan. Selanjutnya dilakukan analisis jabatan untuk menyusun uraian jabatan yang diperlukan bagi penempatan dan ...view middle of the document...

Sertifikasi merupakan salah satu bukti bahwa profesi guru telah diakui, artinya guru merupakan jabatan yang hanya bisa dilaksanakan seseorang yang memiliki kemampuan di bidang pendidikan dan tidak sembarang orang dapat menjadi guru atau dapat disebut sebagai profesi. Profesi adalah bidang pekerjaan yang dilandasi pendidikan keahlian (keterampilan,kejuruan, vokasi) tertentu. Dengan kata lain, profesi adalah bidang pekerjaan yang memerlukan pendidikan dan pelatihan, yang dilakukan oleh orang terdidik dan terlatih.
Dengan diakuinya profesi guru tersebut tunjangan guru juga meningkat sehingga tingkat kesejahteraan guru juga meningkat. Dengan peningkatan kesejahteraan guru tersebut menjadi faktor pendorong banyaknya orang yang berminat untuk menjadi seorang guru. Sehingga sekrang ini banyak kita lihat bukan hanya mahasiswa yang berlatar belakang pendidikan keguruan yang mengajar di sekolah-sekolah, namun orang yang berlatar belakang pendidikan umum juga sudah beralih minat menjadi seorang guru.
Banyaknya guru-guru yang berkualifikasi pendidikan non keguruan ini membuat persaingan menjadi seorang guru semakin ketat, namun yang menjadi permasalahan apakah mereka mampu melaksanakan proses pendidikan dan pembelajaran di sekolah dengan baik.
Hal yang cukup menjadi perhatian bagi peneliti adalah profesi guru di SMP Negeri 8 Mandau, Kecamatan Mandau – Kabupaten Bengkalis. Berdasarkan wawancara dengan beberapa orang guru di skeolah tersebut, terdapat 30% dari 70 orang guru memiliki latar belakang pendidikan non keguruan. Wawancara dan pengamatan lanjutan menunjukkan bahwa ada beberapa orang diantara guru tersebut kurang menguasai konsep dan teknik pembelajaran dengan baik, sehingga tidak jarang mereka kurang siap ketika memasuki kelas dan juga memiliki perangkat pembelajaran yang hanya mengopi dari guru lain karena kurang mampu menyusun perangkat tersebut sendiri.
Pengamatan lanjutan juga menunjukkan bahwa beberapa guru tidak memiliki posisi yang tepat dalam kedudukan fungsinya. Seperti contoh: Adanya guru berkualifikasi pendidikan Kewarganegaraan mengajar mata pelajaran Budaya Riau, guru berkualifikasi pendidikan IPA mengajar mata pelajaran matematika, guru berkualifikasi pendidikan Agama Islam mengajar mata pelajaran Bahasa Indonesia.
Menurut wakil kepala sekolah bidang kurikulum, hal tersebut disebabkan karena untuk memenuhi kewajiban jam mengajar guru 24 jam bagi guru PNS dan guru yang telah mengikuti sertifikasi jabatan. Sehingga guru lainnya harus dikorban mengajar pada mata pelajaran lain atau bahkan ada yang harus mencukupi jumlah jam dengan mengajar di sekolah lain.
Dari uraian di atas, ada dua masalah yang diamati oleh peneliti di SMP negeri 8 Mandau, yakni pendidikan guru yang tidak berlatarbelakang keguruan dan mengajar pada mata pelajaran yang kurang dikuasai karena tidak sesuai dengan kualifikasi pendidikan yang dimiliki. Kedua masalah ini sering menjadi penyebab kurang siapnya seorang guru untuk melaksanakan kegiatan pembelajaran di...

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