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American Revolution Essay

938 words - 4 pages

What was the American Revolution? The American Revolution was a war between Great Britain and the thirteen British colonies in North America. Beginning in 1650, Great Britain started to control and limit the colonists in America by forcing them to obey to the Navigation Acts. Between 1650 and 1776, many more restrictions were placed on the colonists and they finally unified and protested against their home country. Parliamentary taxation, restriction of civil liberties, and the legacy of colonial political ideas all played a role in the provocation of the American Revolution. So what started it? There are several reasons why the American Revolution started, such as, economic reasons, ...view middle of the document...

The second action was called the Revenue Act. It enforced customs duties on colonial imports of glass, red and white lead, paints, paper, and tea. A subsequent legislative act established commissioners in the colonies to administer the customs services and to make sure the duties were collected. The Townshend Acts were very unpopular in America.
Subsequently, the Boston Massacre occurred in March 1770, when British troops fired on American protesters. These events only brought the colonies closer to revolution. On Thursday December 16 the Boston Tea Party took place. Even the small duty on tea caused the colonists to lower their drinking of the product. Tea imports dropped from 320,000 pounds in 1769 to 530 in 1772. The Tea Act of 1773 basically gave a control on importing of tea to the East India Company to help this company out of debt. The company tried to sell cut rate tea in America. Three such ships arrived in Boston Harbor in December of 1763. The ships sat in the harbor and none was unloaded. They were also unable to return to England without unloading the tea.
In order to punish Boston for this act of resistance, the next act’s to take effect were the Intolerable Acts. The first act closed down the port of Boston until the East India Company was paid for the tea that had been dumped into the harbor and the imperial revenue compensated for its loss on dutiable goods. The Intolerable Acts also dispatched four regiments to Boston and authorized Royal Army officers to quarter troops in the homes of private citizens. Also, at the same time as the Intolerable Acts was the Quebec Act, which gave Canada’s Catholics civil equality and guaranteed religious tolerance. The colonists saw this act as giving areas of the Midwest to the Catholic Canadians and...

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