American History Essay

1181 words - 5 pages

The date of the start of the history of the United States is a subject of debate among historians. Older textbooks start with the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 3 August 1492 and emphasize the European background, or they start around 1600 and emphasize the American frontier. In recent decades American schools and universities typically have shifted back in time to include more on the colonial period and much more on the prehistory of the Native peoples.[1][2]

Indigenous people lived in what is now the United States for thousands of years before European colonists began to arrive, mostly from England, after 1600. The Spanish had small settlements in Florida and the Southwest, and the ...view middle of the document...

With large-scale military and financial support from France and military leadership by General George Washington, the American Patriots rebelled against British rule and succeeded in the Revolutionary War.

The peace treaty of 1783 gave the new nation the land east of the Mississippi River (except Florida and Canada, and Spain disputed the Mississippi Territory until 1795) and confirmed Great Britain's recognition of the United States as a nation. The central government established by the Articles of Confederation proved ineffectual at providing stability, as it had no authority to collect taxes and had no executive officer. Congress called a convention to meet secretly in Philadelphia in 1787 to revise the Articles of Confederation. It wrote a new Constitution, which was adopted in 1789. In 1791, a Bill of Rights was added to guarantee inalienable rights. With Washington as the Union's first president and Alexander Hamilton his chief political and financial adviser, a strong central government was created. When Thomas Jefferson became president he purchased the Louisiana Territory from France, doubling the size of the United States. A second and final war with Britain was fought in 1812.

Encouraged by the notion of Manifest Destiny, federal territory expanded all the way to the Pacific. The U.S. always was large in terms of area, but its population was small, only 4 million in 1790. Population growth was rapid, reaching 7.2 million in 1810, 32 million in 1860, 76 million in 1900, 132 million in 1940, and 321 million in 2015. Economic growth in terms of overall GDP was even faster. However the nation's military strength was quite limited in peacetime before 1940. The expansion was driven by a quest for inexpensive land for yeoman farmers and slave owners. The expansion of slavery was increasingly controversial and fueled political and constitutional battles, which were resolved by compromises. Slavery was abolished in all states north of the Mason–Dixon line by 1804, but the South continued to profit off the institution, producing high-value cotton exports to feed increasing high demand in Europe. The 1860 presidential election of Republican Abraham Lincoln was on a platform of ending the expansion of slavery and putting it on a path to extinction.

Seven cotton-based deep South slave states seceded and later founded the Confederacy months before Lincoln's inauguration. No nation ever recognized the Confederacy, but it opened the war by attacking Fort Sumter in 1861. A surge of nationalist outrage in the North fueled a long, intense American Civil War (1861-1865). It was fought largely in the South as the overwhelming material and manpower...

Other Papers Like american history

American History X Essay

612 words - 3 pages American History X Racism can be seen day to day and through various forms and avenues. It's very rare to watch a news program, read a paper or magazine, or participate in a political discussion without a reference to racism. “White Rage” has many forms: from the display of the KKK to the shaved heads and swastikas of today's imitations of Hitler. This particular social topic is not limited to the United States. It is a worldwide phenomenon

American Indian History Essay

628 words - 3 pages have created many tragedies among the American Indians, which have left most of them facing poor living conditions. There is a long history of tragedies among the American Indians starting back in the 1830s. The Trail of Tears, also known as the “death march,” was the first initial tragedy that caught the attention of many historians to this day. The Trail of Tears is known as the enforced relocation and movement of American Indian tribes from

American History X

2252 words - 10 pages The Society We Face Everyday As a Hispanic, I suppose I should expect or, be prepared, rather, for racism and discrimination. Thankfully, I have not experienced either. Yet, our world is not perfect: things take place that we rather not know about, but ignoring the problem seems to only make matters worse. The movie “American History X” is an admirable alterable attempt to inform us about these types of malicious ignorance that plague our

American History: Louisiana

833 words - 4 pages . Hurricanes August 2005 most of the resident had evacuated New Orleans due to the pending approach of Hurricane Katrina. As the hurricane passed through the Gulf Coast region, the city’s Federal flood protection system failed, resulting in the worst civil engineering disaster in American history. The Floodwalls and levees constructed by the United Sates Army Corps of Engineers failed below design specifications and eighty percent of the

American History Ii

2345 words - 10 pages Digital Edition. Ed. Marc Selverstone. University of Virginia Press, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2015. <http://presidentialrecordings.rotunda.upress.virginia.edu/essays?series=Vietnam>. Boundless. “Post-Cold War Foreign Policy.” Boundless Political Science. Boundless, 29 Dec. 2014. Retrieved 16 Feb. 2015 from https://www.boundless.com/political-science/textbooks/boundless-political-science-textbook/foreign-policy-18/history-of-american-foreign-policy

African American History

1224 words - 5 pages today. When the blues became more popular in the early 1900's, W.C. Handy began to perform blues songs in public. Bessie Smith, of the 1920's, is counted one of the most talented blues singers, and she and other famous singers, helped the blues reach a larger audience. Jazz The history of jazz began on the late 19th century and it was influenced by black American music, African rhythms and European harmonies. One of the most important

Hist221 African American History

1014 words - 5 pages Slavery Before America History 221 American Military University Slavery Before America This paper will focus on slavery before America and the differences in detail while under each rule. When most people think of slavery they fast forward to Slavery in the Americas because for most there is not a lot known about slavery before America. When in actuality slavery was very much present before the union of

American History X

1212 words - 5 pages American History XAmerican History X was a film that expressed a harsh reality of racism in our country today. The film is taken place in Venice Beach, California, and it represents a day in the life of a boy who fell in the clench of white supremacy. The film begins with a flashback of the boy, whose name is Danny, witnessing his skinhead brother shooting at a black man breaking into his car. The flashback ends with the older brother, whose

American History Turning Points

1227 words - 5 pages Major Historical Turning Points of America: Essay I Brian Tui Strayer University Dr. Donna Reeves History 105 January 19, 2013 Abstract What are the major turning points in American’s timeline that helped shaped it into the amazing country that it is today? What was the impact of those turning points on today’s American culture? This essay will give us a tour through two major turn points in America. The first being the

Native American History

5205 words - 21 pages Indians: the meeting of English and Indian cultures in America, 1580-1640. Totowa, N.J.: Rowman and Littlefield, 1980. 14. Print Merrell, James. The Indians’ New World. Chapel Hill: Published for the Institute of Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, Virginia, by The University of North Carolina Press, 1989. 17. Print Morrell, Virginia. “The Zuni Way.” Smithsonian Magazine. April 2007 (retrieved 27th September 2014). 2-3. Print Nash

American History Journals

644 words - 3 pages Depression. The Social Security Act of 1935 is one of the most important pieces of legislation in American history. With the collected one percent of workers' wages to be set aside for the workers' retirement. Businesses also had to contribute an amount equal to their employees' contributions. Once workers reached retirement age, they would receive this money back in monthly payments, assisting these people in supporting themselves when they were

Related Essays

American History Essay

902 words - 4 pages American History: Bill Clinton Name University Abstract Bill Clinton was 42nd President of the USA and his personality was one of the most vivid in American political world. There is a number of phenomena connected to this name and each of them has had a huge effect on history of the USA. In this paper we will discuss such processes as Clinton’s sexual scandal with Monica Lewinsky and Clinton recovery as well as their

American History Essay

775 words - 4 pages The history of the United States as covered in schools and universities typically begins with either 1492 and Columbus, or—especially in recent years—with the prehistory of the Native peoples. Officially the United States of America began as an independent nation with the Declaration of Independence in July 1776. European colonists reached the Gulf and Pacific coasts, but the largest settlements were by the English on the East Coast, starting in

American History Essay

1832 words - 8 pages The American Civil War was Unavoidable The bloodiest time in history for America was during The American Civil War; a time when Americans fought against themselves for their own rights in which they believed they were entitled to. To many it would be considered shocking and absurd to say the Civil War was something that could have been avoided – and they’re right. The Civil War was an unavoidable and ultimately inevitable conflict that was

African American History Essay

571 words - 3 pages African American History Michele Matthews HIS 204 American History Since 1865 Instructor: Mark Hoffman November 13, 2013 African American History To earn their place in America’s Society, African Americans fought many battles that brought them a very long way from 1865. African Americans went through a whole lot of hardship to get where they are today. Yes it is not perfect now but every actions made a big different through