Hispanic American Diversity
The Hispanic community presently comprises the fastest increasing ethnic group in the United States. According to information obtained from the United States Census Bureau “As of July 1, 2008 people of Hispanic origin comprise 15% of the nation’s total population” (Pearson Education, Inc. 2009). The Hispanic American population has surpassed African Americans as the major minority in America. According to an article on the website diversityinc “"Latino" and "Hispanic" are terms used in the United States to identify individuals whose ancestry comes from a variety of countries where Spanish is their main language” (Arroyo, 2010).
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According to an article obtained from the Ohio State University
“The structure of the Mexican American family goes beyond the nuclear family. The Hispanic "family unit" includes not only parents and children but also extended family. In most Hispanic families, the father is the head of the family, and the mother is responsible for the home. Individuals within a family have a moral responsibility to aid other members of the family experiencing financial problems, unemployment, poor health conditions, and other life issues”(Clutter,n.d.).
Bearing and raising children is viewed as the woman’s primary duty in the family. In earlier Mexican American cultures the practice of birth control and family planning was not highly practiced because their faith often prohibited these practices. Many Mexican Americans practice the Roman Catholic faith. Both spiritual and religious beliefs are a major influence in daily life, including health, and sickness. Faith is still a dominant source of strength in the Mexican American community.
According to an article from Pew Hispanic Center “Puerto Ricans are the second-largest population of Hispanic origin residing in the United States, accounting for 9.1% of the U.S. Hispanic population in 2007. Mexicans constituted 29.2 million, or 64.3%, of the Hispanic population” (Pew Research Center, 2009). People have been emigrating from Puerto Rico for many years in the hopes of better employment, education, and a better standard of living.
Puerto Ricans regard education as one of the most important parts of life. Children are often encouraged to further their education to ensure the best future possible. Puerto Ricos schooling system is much like that of the United States however, according to the Pew Research Center “Puerto Rican immigrants are placed one grade below their previous academic year due to language barriers. Puerto Ricans are bilingual in English and Spanish. They speak with a melodic, high-pitch fast rhythm that leaves them vulnerable to receiving comments on their accent” (Pew Research Center, 2009).
The Puerto Rican culture is often known for their generosity and being respectful of not only their own culture, but to others as well. According to Pew Research Center “The Puerto Rican culture discourages the image and acknowledgement of women as sexual beings” (Pew Research Center, 2009). Puerto Ricans are also highly family oriented. According to everyculture.com “The nuclear family is prevalent, but relatives socialize often. Having children is preferable to childlessness. Both spouses working outside the home is becoming more common, but the female’s role is still predominantly raising children. Male authority is recognized however the female’s authority is becoming more recognized” (Santana, 2010). The majority of Puerto Ricans practice the Catholic faith. Their religious beliefs influence health, sickness, and everyday life. They believe following their faith and...