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American Court Essay

851 words - 4 pages

American court system paper
Justin Burnett
CJA 224
April 30, 2014
David Benson

American Criminal Court System
American criminal court system and its purpose: The criminal court system in America is a tool that communities use for standards to be enforced and necessary to protect individual and the whole communities. The action taken against the lawbreakers is like that it solves three purposes. It takes away harmful people and removes them from the society; it uses others as an example to not be a part of criminal behavior; and it gives society a chance to change criminals into law-abiding citizens. This particular system has three specific parts: the courts the police, and the ...view middle of the document...

Firstly trial level courts are where disputes are heard, also called district courts or country courts. After trial court, cases can move on to whets called appellate court, where a panel of judges hear the cases then tees judgments can be brought before the highest court. In Australia, these courts are called High courts and in U.S. these courts are called Supreme courts. These courts not hear each and every case only a little amount of cases these courts hear in a year.
The role that early legal code, the common law, and precedent played in the development of courts: Civil laws are based upon written legal codes. Common law developed by judges of the courts through different cases. Civil law and common law system are not alike: the first codes were civil, mainly came from Roman law. Common law is not like local laws because. Precedents bind inferior courts. Laws based on its precedent are the more feasible and best way to be flexible. Common laws made by the courts not by the parliament. For court system these are very beneficial as judges make rulings in accordance with the legal principle Judges Use earlier cases to apply rules. Judicial precedent depends on the hierarchy of the courts and a precedent can cease to be binding by being overruled. The common law once made it can use in different cases and if there is a case in which any of the common law not works then the...

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