This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

American Civil War Essay

614 words - 3 pages

 The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other sectional names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy. Among the 34 states in January 1861, seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy, often simply called the South, grew to include eleven states, and although they claimed thirteen states and additional western territories, the Confederacy was never diplomatically recognized by any foreign country. The states that remained loyal and did not declare secession were known as the Union or the North. The war had its origin in the fractious issue of slavery, especially the extension of slavery into the western territories. After four years of combat, which left over 600,000 Union and Confederate soldiers dead and destroyed much of the ...view middle of the document...

The first six to secede had the highest proportions of slaves in their populations, a total of 48.8% for the six. Outgoing Democratic President James Buchanan and the incoming Republicans rejected secession as illegal. Lincoln's inaugural address declared his administration would not initiate civil war. Eight remaining slave states continued to reject calls for secession. Confederate forces seized numerous federal forts within territory claimed by the Confederacy. Efforts at compromise failed, and both sides prepared for war. The Confederates assumed that European countries were so dependent on "King Cotton" that they would intervene; none did and none recognized the new Confederate States of America.
Hostilities began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter. While in the Western Theater the Union made significant permanent gains, in the Eastern Theater, battle was inconclusive in 1861–62. The autumn 1862 Confederate campaigns into Maryland and Kentucky failed, dissuading British intervention. Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which made ending slavery a war goal.
Causes of secession
The causes of the Civil War were complex and have been controversial since the war began. James C. Bradford wrote that the issue has been further complicated by historical revisionists, who have tried to offer a variety of reasons for the war. Slavery was the central source of escalating political tension in the 1850s. The Republican Party was determined to prevent any spread of slavery, and many Southern leaders had threatened secession if the Republican candidate, Lincoln, won the 1860 election. After Lincoln won without carrying a single Southern state, many Southern whites felt that disunion had become their only option, because they thought that they were losing representation, which would hamper their ability to promote pro-slavery acts and policies.
Root causes
Slavery
Contemporary actors, the Union and Confederate leadership and fighting soldiers on both sides believed that slavery caused the Civil War. Union men mainly believed the war was to emancipate the slaves. Confederates fought to protect southern society, and s

Other Papers Like American Civil War

American Civil War Essay

1055 words - 5 pages The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other sectional names, was fought from 1861 to 1865. Seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America, known as the "Confederacy" or the "South". They grew to include eleven states, and although they claimed thirteen states and additional western territories, the

The American Civil War Essay

2154 words - 9 pages The American Civil War, and the issues that followed it, were some of the single most important factors in producing the America we know today. For better, or for worse, America changed. Such is the path to maturity and adulthood, both for people, and for nations. The Civil War has shaped America into what we know today. If it was not for the Civil War, slavery would still be a part of the American culture in the south. The war was a significant

American Literature Before Civil War

1410 words - 6 pages Jazzmin Te American Military University LITR 220 Constance Bracewell February 9, 2013 American Literature before the civil war Introduction In reference to Burt (p.11), the romantic idealism about American writing gave way to a realistic perspective on what America had become under the pressure of war and expansion as well as the acceleration of technological, economic and social change. In reference to Selcer (p.26), American

American History Post Civil War

2259 words - 10 pages AMERICAN HISTORY POST CIVIL WAR American History Post Civil War Test 2 Growth Of Education In The United States In Nineteen Century Education in the United States has faced great changes toward development in the past hundreds of years. A society that was coming to depend increasingly on specialized skills and scientific knowledge was, of course a society with a high demand for education. The late nineteenth century, therefore, was a

Causes of the American Civil War

1585 words - 7 pages Causes Of The American Civil War Four years of American bloodshed on American soil. Why? The reasons are varied. From the formation of America to 1860, the people in this country were divided. This division was a result of location and personal sentiments. Peace could not continue in a country filled with quarrels that affected the common American. There is a common misconception that the American Civil War was fought only over slavery

Northern Strategy During the American Civil War

1623 words - 7 pages Proclamation, President Lincoln’s groundbreaking document on January 1, 1863, which “declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."” 4 was perhaps the final technique which turned the tide of the American Civil War. In part due to this, many more Negro’s began to enlist into the ranks of the Union troops. Of course, prior to the issue of the Emancipation Proclamation, many free and

The Constitution In The Years Prior To The Civil War (DBQ From 1987 AP American History Exam)

741 words - 3 pages before the Civil War, the Constitution's openness for wide interpretation as well as its lack of specificity on sectional issues such as states' rights and slavery led to the eventual disunion and the Southern secession.For over 60 years prior to the Civil War, the Constitution was able to unify the Nation. After the Democrat-Republicans swept the Federalists of their offices in the Revolution of 1800, the Federalists, in their respect for the rule

The American South During Civil War

966 words - 4 pages The American South, had a social system which was distinct in many ways. There was an economy relative to the region, where class structure and a system of racial differences which caused the South to become unique to the rest of the nation. Historians such as James Henretta have said that Capitalism was the cause of all evil within the American South. American Capitalism defined by Max Weber is “ a greed for gain”, and

Civil War: Based on African American and White People's Having Equal Rights to Life

633 words - 3 pages The civil rights movement was based on African American and white people having equal right in all aspects of life. During the 1960s there was still a lot segregation in different establishments such as bars, dinners, variety stores and more. And it had got to the point where a lot of African Americans where getting fed up with being treated differently. So finally, on February 1, 1960 four African American freshmen from the agricultural and

Civil War

1524 words - 7 pages research on America’s Civil War. Foote died in 2005, but wrote this about the Civil War: Any understanding of this nation has to be based…on an understanding of the Civil War…The Civil War defined us as what we are, and it opened us to being what we became, good and bad things. It is very necessary if you’re going to understand the American character in the 20th century to learn about this enormous catastrophe of the mid-19th century

Civil War

917 words - 4 pages . It is very necessary if you’re going to understand the American character in the 20th century to learn about this enormous catastrophe of the mid-19th century. It was the crossroads of our being. Burns, K. & Burns, R. (Writers). (1990). Episode 1: The cause (1861). In K. Burns (Producer), The Civil War. Arlington, VA: Public Broadcasting Service. What I think Foote meant in this quote was that we are free today because of the Civil War. If

Related Essays

American Civil War Essay

847 words - 4 pages states enacted "black codes“(made the freed slaves like serfs). As the minorities, the blacks became more struggles to maintain their life after the Civil War. If we take a look on the timeline of American History ,since 1501, the African Slaves bring to the New World, then “being slavery” until in the 1865 Slavery Legally Abolished, it described that more three hundred years blacks being suffered as a slave in America. The abolished of slavery

American Civil War Essay

1754 words - 8 pages The Confederacy and the Union in the American Civil War “Reading history will inspire wisdom.” Francis Bacon wrote it in The Theory of Knowledge. History is precious experience of human being, people learn lessons from it. The American Civil War is a heavy experience in the American history. This only civil war broke out in the American territory since the birth of this country caused undetermined, massive soldiers’ and civilians’ casualties

American Civil War Essay 2434 Words

2434 words - 10 pages The purpose of this paper is to discuss the American civil war during the periods of 1861 through 1865. This paper will look at how the war started, the purpose of the war. Who were the first soldiers, and who were allowed to fight and who were not. This paper will also look at blacks before the civil war, during the civil war and after the civil war. The writer will attempt to explain the treatment of blacks in the North and the South, during

Modern American Civil War Essay

733 words - 3 pages  The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other sectional names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy. Among the 34 states in January 1861, seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy, often simply called the