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American Civil War Essay

1754 words - 8 pages

The Confederacy and the Union in the American Civil War
“Reading history will inspire wisdom.” Francis Bacon wrote it in The Theory of Knowledge. History is precious experience of human being, people learn lessons from it. The American Civil War is a heavy experience in the American history. This only civil war broke out in the American territory since the birth of this country caused undetermined, massive soldiers’ and civilians’ casualties, the destroyed several cities in South. Lots of people believe that the divergence about the slavery between South and North was the reason of the war. But after reading the texts, I did change my mind. The problem of slavery was only a beautiful ...view middle of the document...

The southerners’ interpretation for the Constitution is different from the North, they believed that the Constitution war pro-slavery. But the interpretation of the North is that the freedom of human being is extremely important, this point was obviously threatened for the existence of slavery. Furthermore, the business of the South depended on cotton which was exported to Europe, so they wish open the market and reduce tariff. But for the North, their business depended on modern industry. Comparing with the European industry, America’s industry was weak, so the North prefers to protect the market and develop tariff. The North also wanted a good banking and currency system and federal subsidies for shipping and internal improvements. The South felt these were discriminatory and that they favored Northern commercial interests. For the part of political difference, the South always wanted more power to sectional states, which means the decentralization, in order to reinforce their own power and weaken the power of federal government. That can not be tolerant for the federal government, which could not give any opportunity to strong the power of pro-slavery. Federal government needed an increased power to maintain the union of State. This conflict caused the struggle two sides in the new territories in the West, because the intentions of spread of slavery of South were always interrupted by the North. Otherwise, the new states
would become the pro-slavery states, which would be a threat for the North. It seems that all the problems link with one issue, which was the slavery. As we know that the economy of south depends on the slaves who were the key labor for the slaveholding planter class, once lose them, the life and business of south will collapse. But at that moment, the focus of North was to ameliorate the human right such as the right of women, of workers, and of being educated. What is more the abolishment of slave in some extreme north states gave much pressure to South. Southerners’ way of life decided that they could not live without slaves, at the same time, Northerners’ interpretation of Constitution decided that they can not accept the slavery. This different interpretation of Constitution and ideology reflected on the politic was that the South wanted the decentralization and the North wanted the centralization. The North and The South dropped in a vicious circle that the slavery issue caused others economic, political and social problems, and these problems graved the conflict about the slavery issue of both sides. The last main conflict was the presidential election. Both the expansionism and the way of life of southerners were threatened by the victory of Republican Party. The abolishment of several extreme north states and victory of anti-slavery party forced the South open fire for protect their life and business.
I still remember a scene in the film “Gone with the wind” that men talks the civil war in the house of Ashley,...

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