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America 1850 Essay

622 words - 3 pages

America 1850
 
If I was a young man in the 1850s I wanted to leave New York for California to get rich. When in New York I would be hearing that in California these miners where coming out with a lot of money. So for me I thought why can't that be me I can become a millionaire in a couple of years. So now I was going to figure out how I was going to get there. I had saved up enough money to take the train from New York all the way to California. Good thing I was not a married man because once I got there I saw a whole different living style.

When I started mining I started to realize this was not as easy as I thought to get rich. I was only making enough to get by that I started thinking why did I come here in the first place. After a year had gone by I had seen so much violence that I was starting to ...view middle of the document...

I had a main goal in mind and I did everything I did to achieve it. Now I am a happy married man with a wonderful wife and children. I am glad that I took a leap of faith by going to California.
 
 
 
 The 14th Amendment allowed the African Americans that were born in the U.S. to have federal civil rights. The 15th amendment allowed African Americans to vote by not discriminating them because of their "color, race, or previous condition of servitude." With Radicals controlling everything, congress passed the Reconstruction Acts in 1867, placing the 10 confederate states under Military control. One purpose for putting it under military control was so we could recognize and protect the right of the African Americans to vote. The Reconstruction Acts called for registering all adult males, white and black, except those who had ever sworn an oath to uphold the Constitution of the United States and then engage in Rebellion.

Republicans took control of the state governships in the south and elected numerous African Americans to local, state and national office. There were about 137 black officeholders that had lived in the south before the civil war. There were few Africans though that where elected or appointed to national office. Africans voted for black and white candidates. The fact though that former slaves now held political and military power angered a lot of the whites.

The reason former officers if the Confederacy could not be elected to congress was because once voted they would change their minds on what they said before elected. Many congressmen rebelled or turned their backs on the African Americans. So it went into the militaries control in order for the voting to be considered fair and so blacks could get a chance as an officeholder. In 1870 all but 500 top confederate leaders where pardoned with the signing of the Amnesty Act of 1872.
 

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