Thyroid gland removal
Thyroid gland removal is surgery to remove all or part of the thyroid gland. Your thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland that lies over your trachea (the tube that carries air to your lungs). It is just below your voice box.
• Total thyroidectomy removes the entire gland.
• Subtotal or partial thyroidectomy removes part of the thyroid gland.
The thyroid gland is part of the endocrine system. It helps your body regulate your metabolism.
You will have general anesthesia (asleep and pain-free) for this surgery. Rarely, the surgery may be done with local anesthesia and medicine to relax you. You will be awake but pain-free.
Your surgeon may do ...view middle of the document...
In rare cases, patients may spend up to 3 days in the hospital. You must be able to swallow liquids before you can go home.
Your doctor will probably check the calcium level in your blood after surgery. This is done more often when the whole thyroid gland is removed.
You may have some minor pain after surgery. Most patients are able to get up and walk on the day after surgery. It should take about 3 - 4 weeks for you to fully recover. Avoid the sun while the surgical cut is healing to prevent the skin from getting darker.
An appendectomy is surgery to remove the appendix.
The appendix is a small, finger-shaped organ that comes out from the first part of the large intestine. It is removed when it becomes swollen (inflamed) or infected. An appendix that has a hole in it (perforated) can leak and infect the entire abdomen area, which can be life threatening.
Why the Procedure is Performed
An appendectomy is done for appendicitis. The condition can be hard to diagnose, especially in children, older people, and women of childbearing age.
Most often, the first symptom is pain around your belly button.
• The pain may be mild at first, but it becomes sharp and severe.
• The pain often moves into your right lower abdomen and becomes more focused in this area.
Kidney removal, or nephrectomy, is surgery to remove all or part of a kidney. It may involve:
• Part of one kidney removed (partial nephrectomy)
• All of one kidney removed (simple nephrectomy)
• Removal of one entire kidney, surrounding lymph nodes, and the adrenal gland (radical nephrectomy)
This surgery is done in the hospital while you are asleep and pain-free (general anesthesia). The procedure can take 3 hours.
A mastectomy is surgery to remove the entire breast, including the skin, nipple, and areola. It is usually done to treat breast cancer.
Why the Procedure is Performed
WOMAN DIAGNOSED WITH BREAST CANCER
The most common reason for a mastectomy is breast cancer.
If you are diagnosed with breast cancer, talk to your doctor about your choices:
• Lumpectomy is when only the breast cancer and tissue around the cancer are removed. This is also called breast conservation therapy or partial mastectomy. Part of your breast will be left.
• Mastectomy is when all breast tissue is removed. Mastectomy is a better choice if the area of cancer is too large to remove without deforming the breast.
Radical prostatectomy is surgery to remove all of the prostate gland and some of the tissue around it, to treatprostate cancer.
There are four main types of radical prostatectomy surgery. These procedures take about 3 to 4 hours:
• Radical retropubic prostatectomy: Your surgeon will make a cut starting just below your belly button and reaching to your pubic bone. The entire surgery should take 90 minutes to 4 hours.