This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Alexander The Great Essay

2261 words - 10 pages

From the ages of antiquity and to the present, Alexander is described as a military genius. His accomplishments in the art of war were and still are astounding. Hannibal, Caesar, Frederick, and Napoleon studied his military methods thoroughly and all admitted that without the knowledge they gained from Alexander the Great they would have never been able to accomplish what they did. From one great leader, Napoleon, we hear, “Make offensive war like Alexander, Hannibal, Caesar … read and re-read the history of their campaigns. Model yourself on them … that is the only way to become a great captain.” Invariable were his countless successes, whether he fought against disciplined, highly trained ...view middle of the document...

In every military situation he left nothing kept undone. He would defeat every enemy entirely, or as he saw it, and so when he traveled over thousands of miles he would find little resistance from his flank.

Alexander the Great also had mastery of politics. It is difficult to retain an empire, especially one as far reaching as Alexander’s, if one only conquers his enemies militarily. Without the support of the leaders and the peoples of the lands keeping an empire intact is impossible. He never felt as a conqueror but rather a liberator of all man. He did not want to simply defeat his enemies militarily. Gaining victories over armies was only the first step. Alexander respected every religion and every culture he became ruler of. Instead of simply killing his opposing leaders he would treat them as his friends and equals if they chose to be so. When King Darius of the Persian Empire was defeated by Alexander he soon learned that his wife, mother, and family had been taken prisoner. He was soon filled with anxiety for he believed their fate would be or was grim and cruel. In fact, quite the opposite was true. His beloved were living comfortably at the palace in Susa. In every way they were treated as royalty. Alexander’s generosity and respect for others was so far reaching that he gave the wife of Darius, who died in childbirth, a funeral befitting a queen. Alexander’s outstanding character never faltered there. King Darius exclaimed that if was indeed his destiny to lose his Kingdom of Persia that he would yield it to no other man except for Alexander the Great. For Alexander it was more than simply winning a battle, a war, or his massive military campaign. He wanted to win the people.

Alexander the Great had numerous and outstanding military victories. To name every one of them would fill many volumes but there are three battles that he won that can be said to be his most decisive and of the greatest importance to his campaign. His first major victory came not too long after his crossing of the Hellespont. King Darius decided to make a stand at the Granicus River and in the plain beyond. In some parts of the river there was a chance to ford but in others the current was much too swift and deep. The banks were too steep for Alexander’s infantry and cavalry to scale safely and with the danger of enemy darts, arrows, and javelins, his odds of getting across the river untouched were next to none. Estimates say that the size of the Persian cavalry compared to Alexander and his Macedonians was about four times as large. Among the enemy cavalry were men from the mountainous areas of Iran, fierce warriors with more battle experience than many of the Macedonians had been alive. On his right Alexander placed his bowmen and Agrianians. Next to these were the Companions with Alexander leading; then the hypaspists and the more heavily-armed infantry, more commonly known as the phalanx; to his left were the Thessalian, Thracian, and Greek cavalry....

Other Papers Like Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great: a Hero Essay

1295 words - 6 pages Was Alexander the great a hero or a villain? In my eyes I believe he was a hero. I feel that his amazing battle skills make up for all the horrible acts of cruelty. Alexander brought a fresh approach after the intrigues of his father Philip II. Alexander was not quite twenty when he succeeded to the throne in 336 BCE. His tutor had been Aristotle, a man to whom is credited great knowledge and wisdom. So it could be said that Alexander was well

Alexander the Great vs Cyrus the Great

531 words - 3 pages Alexander or Cyrus? In our past, we have had many leaders. Some were better than others, but what must a leader do to acquire the label “great”? Of course, one could simply go by the definition of the word and deem the leader “above average”. Did the great ones of ancient times exceed these standards or were they just above average like a standard dictionary would have us believe. Let us focus on two “great” leaders of our past by the names of

Alexander the Great in the 21st Century

2866 words - 12 pages Empire Building in the 21st Century: Leadership Lessons from Alexander the Great | We no longer live in the era of conquerors, and the story of Homer merely resonates within the walls of the classroom. The times have changed indeed, and if Alexander the Great were still alive, seeing everything that’s happening to the world with his own eyes, would he have wished to be born in the period of Hellenism instead? Perhaps, and there is a purpose

Alexander The Great: History About A Legend

563 words - 3 pages Alexander The Great was one of the greatest emperors and leaders of the world. In fact, he was the only emperor to be called, "The Great." He had studied under a great Greek Philosopher, Aristotle, who taught Alexander literature, science, medicine, philosophy and to speak and write well. Alexander was the son of Philip of Macedonia. Philip became king of Macedonia in 359 B.C., but died in 336 B.C. He left his kingdom to Alexander.Alexander

The Conquests and Legacy of Alexander the Great

739 words - 3 pages "DESCRIBE THE CONQUESTS OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT AND ANALYZE THE LEGACY OF HIS EMPIRE" In just twelve years, Alexander the Great conquered vast territories and dominated lands from west of the Nile to east of the Indus. He brought the Persian Empire, Egypt and much of the Middle East under his control. Alexander was the son of Phillip II of Macedonia and Olympia’s. His father knew that he would succeed him so Phillip II prepared Alexander for a

The Effect of Alexander the Great on Europe

1830 words - 8 pages Alexander the Great's relation to triumph is obvious, he created an army which took over most of the known world. But what is not known widely is how tragic his life was. I cannot do full justice to his life but I will do my best to describe it. When Alexander was a child his parents were constantly fighting and his father was usually away on campaigns, so he rarely saw him when he was young. He therefore was usually under his mother's

World Rulers: Alexander The Great, Julius Caesar, And Genghis Khan

917 words - 4 pages World RulersAlexander the Great, Julius Caesar, and Genghis KhanThis paper will explore the lives of three of the most well knownrulers in human history, Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, andGenghis Khan. This will first consist of an examination of thepersonalities and gifts of each of these rulers. Details of the courseand extent of the conquests and achievements of each individual willfollow this. The lasting contributions made by these

Alexander: Truly Great

1479 words - 6 pages Alexander, son of King Philip II of Macedon, is known as Alexander the Great. However, was he truly great? One may look at his many accomplishments to decide if he deserves the title. Sometimes character is the test of determining if a man is great. Alexander meets both standards with his philosophic background, conquering abilities, victories in battle, and outstanding accomplishments; therefore, he truly meets his title as Alexander the Great

Reasons for Market Segmentation

908 words - 4 pages Alexander the great Alexander III of Macedon commonly known as Alexander the Great was the king of Macedon. He is the creator of one of the largest empires in ancient history. He became the measure against which generals, even to this day, compare themselves; military academies throughout the world still teach his tactical exploits. Alexander was born on July 356 BC in the capital of the Kingdom of Macedon. He was the son of Philip II, the

The Life of Alexander

744 words - 3 pages How Plutarch saw Alexander the Great? Alexander of Macedon is the one of the most well known historical persons of the past. His life and conquers are examples of strong spirit and great will. Ancient biographer and philosopher Plutarch offers us a priceless information about Alexander in his work “The life of Alexander”. By this work, we are able to imagine what kind of person was Alexander whose ambitions was too big for this world

Images Of Alexander

1858 words - 8 pages The Persistence of the Image of Alexander the Great in Sculpture and Art Alexander the Great left behind a legacy that gave his name nothing short of its deserved praise. Even after his death, the attributes and accolades of Alexander continued to creep into folklore, sculpture, and architecture, with many leaders using the likenesses of him to further their own gains and legitimize their power. Some minted their images onto coins that

Related Essays

Alexander The Great Essay

747 words - 3 pages Alexander the Great Alexander the great, the famous king of the Macedonian empire is a hugely celebrated figure in world history. Many historians proclaim Alexander as great and that say he achieved so much in his short life. He ran an empire, successfully took control of the Persian Empire and was also a great scholar. Surely this should be enough to put him in the historian hall of fame or is it? Is Alexander over celebrated or Does he really

Alexander The Great Essay

858 words - 4 pages Work CitedCartledge, Paul. "Alexander The Great." History Today 54.7 (2004): 10-16. AcademicSearch Complete. Web. 9 Mar. 2012.As portrayed in the movie and what seems to be consistent in textual facts, Alexander murdered his life-long childhood friend Cleitus in a drunk quarrel. The movie gave dialogue to a fact in history in which I believe to be true and pure in translation. It became increasingly apparent the Alexander's drinking habits

Alexander The Great Essay

720 words - 3 pages Joe Cibulka May 16, 2011 Alexander the Great Who is the Macedonian king who beat the great Persian Empire in 329 B.C.? Alexander the Great, of course! Although he faced many challenges, Alexander III conquered the world. Alexander said` Nothing is impossible to him who tries”- Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great was born on July 20, 356 B.C. He was born in the Macedonian capitol Pella. His mother and father were Queen and

Alexander The Great Essay

735 words - 3 pages Alexander the Great Alexander the Great was born in Macedonia in 356 BC. Under the wing of Aristotle the great Greek philosopher, young Alexander charge of a cavalry force at age 18 and assisted Philip in defeating the Athenian and Theban armies at Chaeronea. After the assassination of his father, Alexander gained the support of the Macedonian Army and swept out all of his enemies that stood in the way of becoming the king and leader of the