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Alcohol And Its Effects Essay

1442 words - 6 pages

Latasha Garrison
CRN 21305
November 08, 2014
Ian March
Alcohol and its effects

Alcohol is the most commonly used substance used in the US today and is a worldwide problem. 17.6 million, or one in every 12 adults is suffering from abuse of alcohol. Although there are good effects of alcohol if it is consumed in moderation, like reducing the chances of having a heart attack or increase life expectancy; on the other hand there are also bad effects. That includes brain damage; accidental deaths as a result of drunk driving, heart-related diseases such as high blood pressure and cardiomyopathy, liver disease and the increase of unemployment from excessive alcohol drinking. Today alcohol ...view middle of the document...

Dr. Kruick also confirms the lack of thiamine in the brain can lead to Wernicke-Korsakoff disease, causing amnesia, difficulty walking, and poor coordination. As a result binge drinking could lead to overall reduction in brain size, vitamin deficiency leading to Wernicke-Korsakoff disease, long term damage to brain cells and the CNS.
The main factor of deaths result from drinking is the deaths resulting from those who drink and drive. According to National Highway Traffic Safety Admin, almost 28 people die everyday in motor vehicle crashes that involve an alcohol-impaired driver, which amounts to one death every 58 minutes. And in 2012 nearly 345,000 victims were injured in a crash. Drinking while driving “accidents” are not merely “accidents”. Getting into a vehicle after consuming alcohol isn’t an accident but a lack of responsibility. According to the same report alcohol causes a variety of side affects that may include lower sensory motor skills, lower reactive responses, and impaired judgment. In a situation where you’re drinking and driving the messages carried to and from the brain and the body’s muscles are slowed down or improperly transmitter. With the increases processing time and decreased accuracy of information transmitted it will result in loss of coordination and reaction time. According to the Pennsylvania DUI Association, alcohol degrades vision, including a narrowed field of vision, increased susceptibility to glare, and decreased ability to differentiate colors. With the inability to see clearly what is going on in their surroundings is likely to lead individuals to make errors in exercising their motor control.
The main reason why alcohol and driving do not mix is the fact that alcohol affects all of your body’s functions negatively, studies from the Uni. Of New Hampshire show that when you drink roughly 20% is absorbed straight from your stomach into your bloodstream and inhibits your ability to do lots of things you can normally do perfectly well. Each crash, each death and each injury not only impacts the person who could end up with a permanent disability as a result, but also family, friends, and coworkers emotionally.
Alcohol does many different things to your body and while drinking might make you feel good, abusing alcohol may result to serious complications. One major complication could result from drinking too much alcohol is alcoholic cardiomyopathy, a form of heart disease due to the toxic effects of alcohol on the hearts muscle leaving the heart unable to pump blood efficiently and eventually leading to heart failure. According to Dr. Elizabeth Klodas with The American Heart Association large amounts of alcohol can cause the heart to beat irregularly, raise the blood pressure, and also damage the hearts muscle, which means blood, cannot be pumped as it should through out the body and deprives the body tissues of oxygen. Another results is that the heart can enlarge from so much blood being held and causes...

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