This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Ala Wai Canal Essay

1012 words - 5 pages

Ala Wai Canal Sewage Issue
Elisa R. Lewis
SCI/256 People, Science, and the Environment
April 10, 2013
Travis Atwood

Ala Wai Canal Sewage Issue
Untreated raw sewage released into the Ala Wai Canal can cause direct and indirect oxygen depletion, algae blooms, and disease-causing pathogenic bacteria and viruses. Human waste contains a high concentration of nitrogen and phosphorus. Phosphorus causes increased algae in freshwater and nitrogen causes increased algae in marine waters. When these nutrients are introduced to an aquatic system is causes rapid growth of algae which depletes the oxygen in the water that the invertebrates and fish need to live. In addition, species that ...view middle of the document...

Because the flow of the canal empties into the nearby shore marine water, Waikiki waters and adjacent beaches will be affected from the runoff. The lack of a backup line is forcing this decision while the broken pipe is repaired. This redirection will prevent waste from backing up into homes, hotels, and businesses located in the Waikiki area which would eventually end up in the canal anyway (The Free Library, 2007).
Once they redirect the waste, water samples will be taken to determine contamination levels and when the water will be safe again. Samples will be taken from canal stations, shorelines, and surf sites. Signs will be posted to alert the public of the contamination. Beaches should only be closed for 7-10 days and the water should be back to a safe level in 3-4 days. The additional closure days will be used to test sand and other surrounding agricultures. This is the best option as it is less damaging than having sewage back up into homes, hotels, and business. When buildings are contaminated with sewage penetration of the sewage into wood, concrete, and porous surfaces can lead to the growth of potentially disease causing microorganisms that can be toxic to humans. Additionally, the bacteria can linger for some time after the event with occupants unknowingly being exposed to the dangers. One solution to prevent another such disaster is to construct wetlands to capture and treat storm water.
Currently the Ala Wai Canal is on the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) list of impaired streams. The canal currently receives storm water from the surrounding areas of Manoa and Palolo Valleys, including the University of Hawaii, Manoa campus. The wetlands will be used to capture and treat storm waters and reduce pollutants, nitrogen, phosphorus, heavy metals, and pathogens contained in the raw sewage. The EPA recommends wetlands as a viable option for treating runoff. Especially in areas where there is a high concentration of runoff and a desire to protect ecosystems. The removal of the pollutants makes the water reusable for irrigation purposes. The benefits to this is it reduces the...

Other Papers Like Ala Wai Canal

A Heart Of Darkness Essay

1748 words - 7 pages In this short story, there are frequent significant subject and ideas that make the story, "A Heart of Darkness," by Joseph Conrad, and haunting novel. The main theme is absolute white power over the natives. The theme validates the corruption, and the dependence caused by the white people as they took over the Congo. White men were giving all the power; they had no self-control, and in the end they did not use wisely. The white men became

The Aspects Of Vulnerability Among The Exploited In Medical Research

2287 words - 10 pages Essentially, everyone is in some state of vulnerability. However, some of us are more susceptible to harm due to our vulnerabilities. The susceptible are the individuals with the greatest risk. These individuals risk the loss of their autonomy, and maybe even their lives. Vulnerable populations can be found in every subset of society. However, as previously mentioned, there are some vulnerable populations that are at an even greater risk than

The Hitchhiker’S Guide To The Galaxy

1171 words - 5 pages The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy As the human race makes life-changing discoveries, it is made apparent that there is always more to learn as the universe, instead of becoming familiar, is becoming absurd. The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, written by Douglas Adams, as well as the 2005 film adaption, portrays absurdity to be an all-encompassing system in the universe. Through the introduction and attempt to understand lack of reason, the

The Ford Motor Company Wage Increase Of 1914 And The Theory Of Incentives And Efficiency Wages

1252 words - 6 pages ‘It’s not the employer who pays the wages. Employers only handle the money. It is the customer who pays the wages’ (Henry Ford, cited in Johnson and Weinstein 2004, p. 2). When the Ford Motor Company announced that it would more than double the wages of its workers in January 1914 to a ‘five-dollar day’ minimum, was this a contradiction to Henry Ford’s statement? If customers are actually the ultimate payers of wages, then more than

Historical Analysis Of The Economical Breakthroughs Of The Industrial Revolution

1396 words - 6 pages A Historical Analysis of the Economical Breakthroughs of the Industrial Revolution During the Industrial Revolution, many elements of society experienced huge breakthroughs that would change the way they functioned forever. Economics were definitely one of them. With many new inventions and many factories appearing, many, many, more resources were being created than ever before. Also, all of the revenue from these resources was being given to

Leadership Portrayed in Monologue from Shakespeare’s Henry V

1214 words - 5 pages Leadership is defined as a socially constructed process and which also affect organizational future outcomes. Leader is someone at high position who have overall duty for an organization, she or he decide what to do and the way how to achieve it. (Carter and Greer, 2013)The role of leader is extremely important for an organization, leader use their own power to influence the followers though many different ways such as motivation in order to

Cuba Civil Rights

1906 words - 8 pages Picture a country that has limits on how much you can make random government imprisonments and more what do you do. That is the situation for the eleven million seventy-five thousand two hundred forty-four people of Cuba since the takeover of Fidel Castro. The US is opposed to Castro taking control of Cuba. Castro managed to ease the United States nerves when he said that Cuba was against all forms of communism. According to Lana Wylie the Union

US Freight System

1273 words - 6 pages General Environment Each American requires the movement of approximately 40 tons of freight per year across the freight network. This includes everything from shirts to lawn mower to orange juice. • As the U.S. population expands, the U.S. freight system will be called upon to meet the demands of a larger population • Between 2010 and 2035, the system will experience a 22 percent increase in the total amount of tonnage it moves • By 2050, with

Democratic Peace Theory

1852 words - 8 pages get what they want from country two while remaining an innocent bystander .A real life example is the conflict that helped build the Panama Canal, even though there may be peace at the table your ally will have no problem in taking something that is yours if it directly benefits them (Choi 259). By forcing the hand of the opponent, Democratic Peace Theory can be successful as a way for a democracy to get what they want to better themselves while

Booker T. Washington

1621 words - 7 pages “Success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome” –Booker T. Washing. Booker Taliaferro Washington was born in Hale’s Ford, Virginia on April 5th, 1856 to Jane Burroughs and an unknown White man. Washington was married three times. His first wife was Fannie N. Smith from Malden, West Virginia. Booker and Fannie were married in the summer of 1882 and had one child

Corn, Broccoli, Grass Or Balanced

2611 words - 11 pages About a century ago, there was not an epidemic of diet-related illness, a bizarre account of destroyed farmland, dead zones in our oceans created by chemical run-off spilling into the waterways, and there sure was not millions of people questioning the moral ethics of their diet. In the Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals, the author Michael Pollan goes on a journey to investigate the sources of the nation’s food supply, for which

Related Essays

Freedom And Responsibility Essay

2141 words - 9 pages Built within the Constitution of the United States are specifically defined freedoms that are guaranteed to all citizens. Conversely, with every constitutional freedom there comes a corresponding responsibility. On September 25, 1789, the state legislature’s twelve proposed amendments were transmitted by congress, the first two dealing with congressional representation and congressional pay. The following numbers three through twelve were

Hate Crime Laws Essay

2348 words - 10 pages On June 7, 1998, 49-year-old James Byrd Jr. of Texas accepted a ride from three white men, who then beat him severely, urinated on him, chained him by his ankles to the back of their pick-up truck, dragged him for three miles into the countryside, and dumped his corpse in front of an African-American cemetery (Graczyk). A little over a year later, a jury sentenced ring leader John King to death by lethal injection (“Man Executed for Dragging

Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study Conceptualization And Treatment Plan

2140 words - 9 pages Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study of Sarah: A Conceptualization and Treatment Plan Rational emotive behavior therapy, REBT, was developed by Albert Ellis and holds the central belief that the events in our lives do not cause our disturbances but that they are instead caused by our view of the events (Murdock, 2009). Murdock (2009) states that “people are seen as responsible for their behavior” (p. 279) but, because they are

Holidays In Albania Essay

1636 words - 7 pages Have you ever thought about having exciting and incredibly cheap vacations? Albania might be the right choice. According to My Travel Guide, Albania is ranked the fourth among ten places worth visiting in Eastern Europe (“Top 10 Eastern European Destinations”). One can encounter three kinds of vacations in this Mediterranean country: winter, summer, and cultural. The ideal places to spend your winter vacations are the Albanian Alps. They are