1. Aviation has come a long way within a short period of time that has changed the way the world operates. Three main areas that have had a direct influence on air transportation have been the economic, social and political aspects.
Economic values in air transportation have had a direct relation towards the running of the industry. Through great public interest in air transportation, airlines have taken large leaps in development. With the introduction of jet equipment, the nation as a whole has gained from a more pleasant and convenient method of transportation. Which have also increased safety and operational techniques.
The amount of daily seats originally available in the ...view middle of the document...
Social benefits that arose of air transportation were from the basic need of transportation required by citizens. Movement of population trends and ability to access inaccessible areas provided huge gains towards the development of small communities. It has made way for 1000’s of jobs and saved precious time. Moreover, it has increased our knowledge of geography.
A third feature of air transportation which is of importance to the public is national defense, which is covered through political affairs. It is seen that defense rests upon diplomacy and air power. These national defense programs have helped airlines to acquire knowledge of various aspects of flight, which would have taken several years to accumulate such data.
The War Air Service Program (WASP) was created to prepare for national emergencies. The program was to provide maintain essential civil air routes and services. It provided for distribution and redistribution of aircraft among civil air transport carriers, after the withdrawal of aircraft allocated to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet (CRAF).
CRAF air carriers are allocated by the Secretary of Transportation to the Department of Defense, to meet military needs in the event of a national emergency. WASP reports represent the annual survey of the nations projected civilian airlift capabilities throughout the event of a national emergency.
Airlines are closely tied to military aviation through the CRAF plan. Airlines can provide immediate airlift to supply troops and supplies to any point worldwide. Maintenance of the fleet does not cost the government a cent. For the government to carry a fleet of this size would cost millions and sit idle until required. The airlines themselves make a contractual pledge of aircraft to various segments of CRAF. As a reward the government provides incentives to peacetime airlift business.
2. Humankind have had a long affiliation with flight, dating back as far as 3000-4000 BC. There endeavors are narrated within historical texts. Within these literatures, many gods and key figures are symbolized in flight or having the ability to travel upon creatures or using man made contraptions to fly.
A key figure from the sixteenth century who never witnessed any of his drawn inventions was Leonardo da Vinci. His key to success was that he applied logic and science to his drawings through studying the movement of birds. Unfortunately he was never really appreciated for his work throughout his life. After he has passed away there was really little progress in aeronautics.
The first successors to air transportation came from two French brothers Joseph and Etienne Montgolfier. They constructed a balloon out of paper and then silk, and filled it with hot smoke to make it rise. They received interest from the head of Louis XVI’s natural history collection, a gentleman named Jean de Rozier with their attempt. He helped to modify the craft and on November 21st, 1783,...