There are successful leaders and then there are leaders who fail. Some people think of it as luck, but the truth is that there is no out of the world combination of characteristics that make some leaders successful. Often different characteristics matter at different situations. So what makes a great leader? Is it the personality traits of people or characteristics of the situation that makes people better than others? Studies conducted to find out how exactly certain people excel in their positions have given birth to a number of formal leadership theories. In this paper I will discuss about three different leadership theories; behavioral ...view middle of the document...
People Oriented Leaders
These type of leaders are more focused on their teams, they make an extra effort to keep their teams satisfied. They seek to motivate their teams by enhancing human relations. However they will still focus on task and results, with a different perspective. People oriented leaders focus on behaviors that are in line with (Behavioral theories of leadership, para 6);
* Coaching and Mentoring
Contingency theory predicts which style of leadership is best in which circumstance. According to this theory, there is no one correct leadership style, it believes that the best leadership style depends on the situation.
According to Fiedler’s contingency theory model “effective leadership depends not only on the style of leading but on the control over a situation” (Fiedler's Contingency Theory, para 3). Some of the characteristics of this style: leader needs to have a good relationship with his/her team, create tasks with clear goals and procedures, the ability to distribute rewards and penalties. These three characteristics are vital for a leader and lacking these in the right combination and context may lead to a failure in leadership (Fiedler's Contingency Theory, para 3). Some of the contingency based leadership framework models are as follows: The Hersey-Blanchard situational leadership theory, Path-Goal theory, and Fiedler's contingency model.
Power and Influence Theory
Power and influence theory is takes an entirely different approach. This theory is about how leaders use power and influence to achieve their goals. French and Raven’s five forms of power model highlights three forms of power in the Power theory section: legitimate, coercive and rewards; and two forms of personal power: charm and appeal. This model suggests that using personal power is an effective way to build relationships and encourage teams to share common goals (Key leadership theories, para 18).
Transactional leadership style also uses power and influence and believes that people only work for rewards and for no other reason. These type of leaders design rewarding structures for each and every task. This style may not seem...