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Aids, From Its History, How It Infects The Body, The Symptoms,How It Is Spread, And The Current Methods Of Treating The Disease

1644 words - 7 pages

AIDS: It's Effect on People and SocietyWhen AIDS was first discovered there was lots of confusion on what the real deal with it was. People didn't have much of a grasp on where it came from, the effects on the person's body that it caused, how it was transmitted to others, and if in fact there was any possible way to cure the deadly disease. Recently a 23 year old man by the name of Jason Robertson had died from aids this year. In his childhood, since people didn't have much knowledge about AIDS, he was discriminated against, and kept away from people outside his family, including his teachers and classmates, for fear of him spreading the disease. In present times, we have much better ...view middle of the document...

Somewhere between the years of 1960-70, West Africa became heavily overpopulated, so families moved to different towns, some to even different parts of the world, spreading the "fever disease" to different minoritiesAIDS is caused by HIV , a retrovirus that infects t-helper lymphocytes. There are two main types of HIV: HIV-1, which is mainly present in North America and HIV-2, which is present in West Africa and some 3rd World Countries. Although HIV-1 and HIV-2 look similar, they work at totally different speed levels (HIV-1 works at a faster rate than HIV-2 and is by far more deadly). The remarkable things about HIV are its ability to adapt/mutate to avoid certain variable (mainly attempts on vaccination), and its very way of infecting the human body... by killing off the cells that protects your body from diseases.The human body produces billions of antibody cells known as CD4's, which actually protect the body from HIV for a long period of time. Unfortunately from the ability of the HIV virus to adapt, it becomes immune to the antibodies and starts attacking them; killing them off as fast as they are produced. HIV does this through a process called Reverse transcript (known as RT). By using RT, the HIV copies its own RNA and implants it into the host cell. When the RNA has successfully penetrated the outer shell of the cell, it tricks the host cell into combining the RNA to the cells DNA, making the host cell a birth ground for new HIV cells. HIV cells burst out of the host cell and go on to infect other cells, leaving the host cell to die.After an abundance of HIV cells are in the body within a time period of 3-6 weeks, the body starts do undergo the first symptoms of AIDS, known as Acute HIV Syndrome (AHS). This stage is very similar to influenza, and contains nausea, migraine headaches, constant sleepiness, diarrhea, and enlarged lymph nodes under armpits. During AHS, HIV is at its highest level in the body, so it can be easily transmitted to other (ways of transmission will be explained later in the report).Within a week-month period after first AHS symptom, stage settles down and HIV hides in body for a long amount of time. At some time or another, HIV will resurface, resulting in almost a fully damaged immune system. This stage of AIDS is known as Full Blown Aids. During this stage, body is at a point where every day airborne bacteria that body can usually fight off, can now have deadly consequences against the body. This is known as Opportunist Illness. The most common Opportunistic Infections, pneumoncystis cariniipneumonia (parasite infection of lungs), Kaposi's sarcoma (type of cancer resulting in bruises all over body), and yeast infections, eventually lead to the death of the infected person.By 1995, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), declared that 513,486 people had been infected through the transmission of AIDS so far in the US, and already 319,849 of those people had already died. When AIDS was first discovered back in...

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