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After The Civil War: Reconstruction 1865 1877 With Bibliography

671 words - 3 pages

Reconstruction was the period after the Civil War in which many changes were undergone in the north and the south in order to restore the union. It lasted approximately 12 years from 1865-1877. The South had suffered the destruction of their factories, railroads, and mainly their slave-worked farms. The north suffered mainly from the political turmoil that was left in the aftermath of thewar.There were many phases of reconstruction consisting of Lincoln's Phase,Johnson's Phase, and the Radical Republican Phase. While Lincoln did not live long enough to actually go through reconstruction, he lived only five days afterthe war. Lincoln began this. Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation was the beginning of Reconstruction in the U.S. The Emancipation Proclamation freed all of the slaves in the Confederate States still in rebellion but did not free those of the border-states. The Proclamation did not actually ...view middle of the document...

The codes varied, they included laws, "under which blacks who were viewed as unemployed could be hired out as forced labor; apprenticing laws, under which children without proper care, as defined by the courts, could be bound out to white employers; and severe limitations on black occupations and property holding."(Reconstruction) The Radical Republicans helped rebuild the south. The South's economy and agricultural production was re-established. Even school was developed for poor whites and blacks. With their help, blacks wereconsidered actual citizens for the first time. The Southerners were disturbed by this. They eventually overthrew the Republican government."Reconstruction left an important legacy: commitment to arepublican society based on equality under the law." (Reconstruction US History)It ended as federal troops were withdrawn from the South. Whites were still on top, and black people were deprived of many civil and political rights and their economic position remained the same. The radicals' hopes of the reorganizationof the social and economic formation of the South ended. The results, instead,were the one-party "solid South" and increased racial hostility. The Reconstruction measures also included the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments,the Civil Rights Act of 1866 and 1875. These measures acknowledged all Americans as citizens, gave them the right to vote. These were efforts to strengthen the federal government.BibliographyMaking America, Berkin, Miller, etc.Volume B: Since 1865 Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, NY.Brinkley, Alan. American History: A Survey 6th Edition Vol. I To 1877 McGraw-Hill, Inc. NY, NY 1995. pp.342-366."The Civil War" Columbia Encyclopedia. Vol. 5 Columbia University Press, NY, NY 1979. pp.1446-1447.Nationmaster.com[http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/United-States-Constitution] ,Oct,20,2004Nationmaster.com [http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Civil-Rights-CasesOct. 20, 2004]"Reconstruction (U.S. history)," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2004 http://encarta.msn.com"Reconstruction" The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Copyright © 2003 Columbia University Press

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