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African Americans During The Civil Rights Movement

1470 words - 6 pages

African Americans during the Civil Rights Movement
Destiny McClenningham
Anderson University

Introduction:
“Vulnerable Populations” are subgroups who possess specific characteristics that distinguish them from others in the population (Jansson, 2005).The group I choice to focus on was African Americans. African or black Americans are define is an ethnic group of citizens or residents of the United States with total or partial ancestry from any of the native populations of Sub-Saharan Africa(Foner & Garraty,1991). The time I choice to focus on with my group was the civil rights movement. This era play a key role in African American history. What is the African ...view middle of the document...

The movements have not only secured citizenship rights for blacks but have also redefined prevailing conceptions of the nature of civil rights and the role of government in protecting these rights(Foner & Garraty). African American civil rights movements have been the post- civil war constitutional amendments that abolished slavery and established the citizenship status of blacks and the judicial decisions and legislating based on amendments(Foner & Garraty). In 1954 the Supreme Court’s had the case of Brown v. Board of Education which was a fight for black children to attend school with white children. During this time there were a lot of reformist leaders and protest(Jansson). There were many reformist doing this time such as Malcolm X, Rosa Parks, Andrew Goodman, and others. The biggest reformist during the time was Martin Luther King Jr. He also was believed to begin the civil rights movement(Jansson). Martin Luther King Jr lead many peaceful protest , and fought for rights during this era. In 1955-56 Martin Luther King Jr and other boycotted Montgomery bus services against segregation in Alabama it lasted for 381 days(Foner & Garraty). In the turbulent decade and a half that followed, civil rights activists used nonviolent protest and civil disobedience to bring about change. The civil rights movement is what ultimately push President Kennedy and the national to reform( Jansson). Kennedy’s Civil Rights legislation of 1963 proposed prohibiting job discrimination on the basis of race and gender (Jansson). President Kennedy was assassinated in 1963. In the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Federal government assumed a major role in protecting the voting rights of African Americans in the South. In 1965 the voting rights act was passed(Foner & Garraty). In 1968 the civil rights act was passed (Jansson). Severe government repression the assassinations of Malcolm X and Martin Luther King, and the intense infighting within the black militant community caused a decline in protest activity after the 1960s. In the South, antiblack violence declined. Black candidates were elected to political offices in communities where blacks had once been barred from voting, and many of the leaders or organizations that came into existence during the 1950s and 1960s remained active in southern politics. Southern colleges and universities that once excluded blacks began to recruit them. Despite the civil rights gains of the 1960s, however, racial discrimination and repression remained a significant factor in American life(Foner & Garraty). President Johnson declared a war on poverty and King initiated a Poor People’s Campaign in 1968, the distribution of the nation’s wealth and income moved toward greater inequality during the 1970s and 1980s. Civil rights advocates acknowledged that desegregation had not brought significant improvements in the lives of poor blacks. They were divided over the future direction of black advancement efforts. Many of the civil rights...

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