Associate Degree Nurses vs Bachelor Degree Nurses
Grand Canyon University: NRS-430V-0501
April 19, 2015
The digressions in the competency of nurses with an associate-degree in nursing and a bachelor-degree in nursing might be puzzling due to the various educational pathways available to become a nurse. Understanding the history of the varied programs available aid in a better understanding of factors that influence nursing education. Nursing programs at all levels offer multiple programs that will offer a student one or more nursing credentials (Creasia, J.L. & Friberg, E., 2011).
Nurse leaders have always argued the importance of higher education for nurses. ...view middle of the document...
Some of the variances that differentiate an associate degree nurse (ADN) from a bachelor degree nurse (BSN) are: curriculum, education and patient care. The ADN program is provided at a community college or career school, the tuition is usually reduced, and the time frame of the program is two years. The ADN program is concise. It involves more tasks and the focus is more on the clinical aspect. It does not include the theory and science in nursing as a profession. The BSN program is offered at a university or college, and is a four year program. It entails more research, knowledge base, and theories. Students in the BSN program are exposed to human diversity, health promotion, ethical, legal, political, cultural, and social influences.
Does this higher level of education make a BSN nurse more competent than an ADN nurse? Research suggest an advanced level of education can improve patient safety and quality of care (AACN Fact Sheet, 2013). The AACN and other nursing associations understand that an advanced degree in nursing has a tremendous influence on a nurse competency, and patients warrant outstanding nursing care. An increase in research supports this finding and reveals a similarity between BSN education and lower patient death rates. A study published in the October 2014 issue of Medical Care, researcher Olga Yakusheva from the University of Michigan and her colleagues found that an increase of BSN- degree nurses working in hospitals was linked to a decrease in patient mortality (AACN Fact Sheet: Creating a more highly qualified nursing workforce,2014). Other researchers have also found that having larger numbers of nursing staff with BSN degreed RN’s resulted in a significant lower readmission rate and decrease in hospital stays. The outcome of the research spell out the money saved that would make up for the expenses of expanding the amount of nurses with BSN-degreed nurses in the hospital.
According to the AACN, “Nurse researcher Ann Kutney-Lee published an article in the March 2013 issue of Health Affairs, the results of her research found an increase in the percentage of nurses holding a BSN within a hospital was associated with an average reduction deaths of patients” (AACN, 2013). “ In the February 2013 issue of the Journal of Nursing...