This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Adhd: A Multimodel Approach Essay

1844 words - 8 pages

ADHD: Multimodal Approach
Lynnette Walker
University of North Florida

Abstract
This paper reviews Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), the many effects the disorder has on an individual, and the many therapy options available. A brief description of the disorder is given, as well as the core symptoms, and the functional problems that result from it. Each therapy option is then explained in detail and the benefits of each given. Finally, a brief look at the advantages of using multiple therapy techniques in a multimodal approach and the needs for future research.

ADHD: Multimodal Approach
ADHD (Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) is a common disorder that ...view middle of the document...

This often presents even more social and academic problems.
There are many treatment options available for ADHD; the most common being stimulant medication. Although stimulants are the most common form of treatment and most often the only form of treatment used, it seems to be limited to treating the core ADHD symptoms only. The significance of problems beyond the core symptoms of ADHD is consistently overlooked by healthcare providers, as well as many comorbid disorders. Behavior management training for parents and teachers, as well as interventions at schools for academic and peer social problems are particularly helpful is treating the entire effects of ADHD, especially in conjunction with stimulant medication.
As much as 85% of children diagnosed with ADHD are prescribed a stimulant medication (Chronis, A., Jones, H., Raggi, V., 2006). There are four main types of stimulant medication prescribed for ADHD: methylphenidate, dextromethylphenidate, dextroamphetamine, and mixed amphetamine salts. They are quickly absorbed into the bloodstream and effects are noticed between 20 minutes and 1 hour after consumption. The majority of patients are responsive to the medication and stimulants are successful in treating the core ADHD symptoms. Hyperactivity and impulsivity are significantly decreased (resulting in less occurrences of disruptive behavior, both physical and verbal, and in restless behavior). Stimulants also enable longer attention spans, which assists with academic productivity.
No other therapy has been shown to have as much success in treating the core ADHD symptoms than stimulant medication, but it falls short on treating the many comorbid disorders and the many functional deficiencies associated with ADHD. Stimulants have a positive effect on overt negative social behaviors, but have no effect, or possibly even a negative effect, on improving or increasing prosocial behavior (King, S., 2009). Also, stimulants are only effective while being taken. Once treatment is discontinued, so are all the benefits.
There are also many side effects to stimulant medication. The most common side effects are decreased appetite, weight loss, headaches, abdominal pain, irritability, trouble falling asleep, insomnia, motor tics, and social withdrawal (Daly, B. P., 2007). Many of these side effects are mild, can be averted by consuming with a meal, or can be treated by other medications to lessen the effects.
The symptoms of ADHD effect more than just the child’s daily life and functioning. The parents, family members, and teachers involved with the child are greatly affected as well. Many times the stress involved in caring for the child makes the coping and parenting/teaching strategies counterproductive (Daly, B. P., 2007). Behavioral management training is based on principles that teach socially acceptable behavior using cues and consequences. Consequences consist of praise, positive attention and tangible gifts for positive behavior....

Other Papers Like Adhd: a Multimodel Approach

Add/Adhd: a Proposal Essay

1677 words - 7 pages which to try this unbiased, non-DSM-based approach. Getting rid of the diagnosis of “ADD/ADHD” would have a number of advantages. It would persuade doctors to search more intensely for root causes; it would allow doctors to be more diverse in their treatment; it would put a stop to all from using it as a label or as an “excuse” for a child’s behavior; and it would force us to give truly special individual care. There will be the parents and doctors

The World Of ADHD Children Essay

2002 words - 9 pages parents to choose this approach. In one study, “individuals with ADHD displayed a particularly higher profit from social reward than [healthy children], suggesting that cognitive control in ADHD patients can be specifically improved by social reinforcement” (Kohls et al). Psychological therapies are often used as well as family therapies. However, family therapy is rarely notably beneficial because many parents don’t like to face that

Children Learning with Adhd

3621 words - 15 pages and this approach support recent treatment interventions for children with ADHD” (Webb & Myrick, 2008, p. 36). Strengths and limitations of the theory. REBT is effective in group counseling because it helps students develop a group guidance unit which helps students learn how ADHD affects learning behaviors and classroom performance. It can also offer a rationale for increasing student awareness and the values of practicing school success

Over-Diagnosis Of Adhd

2154 words - 9 pages aged children are overly diagnosed with ADHD. When asked why they believe this, most replied that it was a parenting issue. Dale Cavage responded that “Once diagnosed, it seems the parents stand back further when it comes to discipline and just blame the actions on ADHD and there is not a thing that they can do. According to the paperwork that I have read, that is when discipline and control should be applied more and with a direct approach

Vyvanse: an Investigation of the New Breed of Adhd Treatment

2002 words - 9 pages phosphoinositol cycle activity in volunteers: an MRS study.." Human Psychopharmacology 17.8 (2002): 425-9. Web. 1 May 2011. Swanson, J.M., Sunohara, G.A., Kennedy, J.L., Regino, R., Fineberg, E., Wigal, T., Lerner, M., Willians, L., LaHoste, G.L., Wigal, S., 1998. Association of the dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4) gene with a refined phenotype of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a family-based approach. Mol. Psychiatry 3, 38–41.

Business Ethics

4488 words - 18 pages In this essay the topic of research is: ‘how children with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are included within a mainstream classroom and how greater efforts can be taken to ensure inclusivity for them’. Within our school setting there seem to be more pupils with ADHD (some diagnosed, some undiagnosed but will display some of the behaviours/traits of pupils diagnosed with ADHD). Pupils with ADHD do have some barriers to

Association of Attention-Deficit Disorder and the Dopamine Transporter Gene

4131 words - 17 pages Neuroscience, Harris Center for Developmental Studies, Summary Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been shown to be familial and heritable, in previous studies. As with most psychiatric disorders, examination of pedigrees has not revealed a consistent Mendelian mode of transmission. The response of ADHD patients to medications that inhibit the dopamine transporter, including methylphenidate, amphetamine, pemoline, and bupropion, led

Psychodynamics

2119 words - 9 pages inability to concentrate. ADHD is attention deficit hyperactive disorder, characterized by behaviors that are excessive, long-term, and pervasive energy that keeps an individual hyperactive. Schizophrenia may include the presence of hallucinations and delusions. OCD is often characterized by obsession of impulses that occur repeatedly. Bipolar is a disorder that touches on periods of mania and possible depression. These disorders can be treated

Mental Illness

841 words - 4 pages illnesses for me are depression and ADHD. Those illnesses impact many people in daily life. They consider as a normal mental illness. Those can occur because of ongoing stress that person’s have in their jobs or school. One of my sister had a depression because of her study to go to University and homestay. Her homestay was very strict in studying so she had difficult times to adapt in a new home in the new country, New Zealand. Her ongoing stress

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Adhd): Most Common Emotional, Cognitive, and Behavioral Disorder Treated in Youth

2780 words - 12 pages , and Widowhood; allowing the reader to identify the challenges and consequences being faced in each category. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder According to Houghton (2008), ADHD is chronic medical condition. It is a biological disorder in nature and is a highly heritable disorder. However, it can also be acquired. Some affected individuals have a combination of genetic and acquired ADHD. Contrary to beliefs, ADHD is not caused by

Selcting a Diagnosis

4692 words - 19 pages Z60.5 Target of (perceived) adverse discrimination or persecution Z63.8 High expressed emotion level within family Z65.3 Problems related to other legal circumstances Reference American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed). American Psychiatric Association. Arlington, VA. Multi model approach to therapy over the life span Treating ADHD requires a compressive approach, or

Related Essays

Mental Illness Essay

1628 words - 7 pages . Formerly, explained as an ethical shortcoming, the most suggested approach specified to parents was to discipline the child displaying ADHD behaviors. However, over time medicine was suggested as a potential treatment for the signs of ADHD. The medication Ritalin was first introduced in the mid-1900s, to aid in helping to decrease hyperactive behavior in children. By the late-1900s, the medication Adderall achieved the FDA approval for treatment

Adhd In Children: Medication And The Natural Approach

1643 words - 7 pages ADHD in Children: Medication and the Natural Approach Amanda Nance COM156 January 8th, 2012 Leah Omilion ADHD in Children: Medication and the Natural Approach Making ADHD medication decisions for your child can be difficult, but doing your homework can help. The first thing to understand is exactly what the medications for ADD and ADHD can and can’t do and to know that it isn’t a magic pill that will fix all of your or

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder In Children Essay

1441 words - 6 pages of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. According to Mayo Clinic (2009), the definition of "attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic condition that affects millions of children and often persists into adulthood. Problems associated with ADHD include inattention and hyperactive, impulsive behavior. Children with ADHD may struggle with low self-esteem, troubled relationships and poor performance in school" (Definition

Mental Illness Essay

1434 words - 6 pages MENT Mental Illness Paper 1 Mental Illness Paper HCA/240 Maria Rios February 4, 2012 Latrina Frazier Mental Illness Paper 2 Mental Illness Paper ADHD is a neurobehavioral disorder generally characterized by the following symptoms: inattention, distractibility, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. There are different types of ADHD. ADHD is classified into