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Ada And Affirmative Action Essay

1003 words - 5 pages

ADA and Affirmative Action
The United States of America is a culturally diverse place. There are people from all over the world living in here. There are people from different cultures, people with different religious and moral standards and beliefs, and people from different races and of different ethnicities. There are also people living amongst us that face special circumstances such as being physically or mentally disabled, challenged by a chronic illness or even sexual orientation. Throughout history there have been cases where people have been discriminated against, ostracized and excluded based solely on their race, culture, religion, or disabilities. The American Disabilities ...view middle of the document...

Eliminate unnecessary eligibility standards or rules that deny individuals with disabilities an equal opportunity to enjoy the goods and services of a place of public accommodation” (U.S. Department of Justice, American Disabilities Act, 2012). The law also protects the disabled from being discriminated from an employment opportunity due to their disability.
Affirmative Action is defined as, “positive steps aimed at increasing the inclusion of historically excluded groups in employment, education and business” (American Association for Affirmative Action, 2012). Affirmative Action was put into place in initially by President John F. Kennedy in 1961, and then was redefined in 1965 and 1968 by President Lyndon B. Johnson. Affirmative Action is most well-known for ensuring people of specific races, ethnicities, and religions are not discriminated against for certain jobs. Affirmative action is thought to even the market for potential job applicants, as well as to remove preference and barriers in the market. "The purpose of affirmative action is to give our nation a way to finally address the systemic exclusion of individuals of talent on the basis of their gender or race from opportunities to develop, perform, achieve and contribute” (American Association for Affirmative Action, 2012).
As with any law or act put into place, there are pros and cons to the ADA and Affirmative Action. The main pros of each are very simple and straightforward. Each act benefits the thousands of people who face challenges of mental or physical disabilities, those who are of a specific religion or culture, of a specific sexual orientation, etcetera. Each day there are people who are able to go into a place of business and apply for a job even though sixty years ago they would not have been eligible for the job. Buildings, zoo’s, parks, restaurants, shopping centers, hotels, and museums are accessible to those with physical disabilities, that sixty years ago a person in a wheelchair would not have been able to access. The cons specifically for Affirmative Action are misconceptions. It was a common misconception...

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