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Acute Renal Failure Essay

883 words - 4 pages

Associate Level Material
Appendix D

Read each scenario and write a 25- to 50-word answer for each question following the scenarios. Use at least one reference per scenario and format your sources consistent with APA guidelines.

Scenario A

Acute renal failure: Ms. Jones, a 68-year-old female, underwent open-heart surgery to replace several blocked vessels in her heart. On her first day postoperatively, it was noted that she had very little urine output.

What is happening to Ms. Jones’s kidneys, and why is it causing the observed symptom? Acute Kidney failure occurs when your kidneys suddenly become unable to filter waster products from your blood.(www.mayoclinic.org). Acute kidney ...view middle of the document...

The surgery caused the kidney disease due to the decrease of blood to the kidneys. This is the reason why oliguria is develop which is the low amount of urine output it could also include anuria.

What are possible treatment options, and what is the prognosis? People that are diagnose with acute kidney failure requires a hospital stay. Mrs. Jones was already hospitalized due to her previous surgery which help her tremodously. The first step is treating the cause of the kidney disease. The treatment options will depend on what's causing your kidney failure. Some treatments may include balancing the amount of fluids in your blood, Medication to control blood potassium. Medications to restore blood calcium level, and dialysis to remove toxins from the blood.

Scenario B

Chronic renal failure: Mr. Hodges, a 73-year-old man, has had congestive heart failure for the past 5 years. His doctor has told him that his heart is not functioning well, needing more and more medicine to maintain circulatory function. He has noticed that he is not urinating more than once a day.

Why is the condition of Mr. Hodges’s kidneys affecting the rest of his body? Mr. Hodges's body is collecting waste products which include uric acid, urea in the blood, and creatinine. In this case the kidneys did not properly filter the toxins and the waste from the blood. This problem can lead to fluid level and potassium to become abnormal in the body. This type of condition is what cause the the kidney to affect the rest of the body. Another way if affects the body might have due to the kidneys slowing down the healing process with the broken bones, and due to the lack of urination can lead to the...

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