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About Environmental Protection In China Essay

1171 words - 5 pages

Nowadays in China, one issue is getting more and more severe as the increasing development of China’s economy, that is, environmental pollutions. Starting with air pollution, along with water pollution and soil pollution, China is currently facing the most serious problems than ever before. Establishing of many industrial factories has made China a top share in manufacturing. However, neglecting of protecting the environment while developing manufacturing has already resulted in lots of problems, such as the PM2.5 problem in many major cities, as well as the extreme lack of clean drinking water. On the other hand, concerns over global environmental issues, such as global warming, depletion ...view middle of the document...

During the 25 years after the law was adopted, we did see many actions, mainly taken by the government. As a developing country, China has been confronted with the dual task of developing the economy and protecting the environment. Proceeding from its national conditions, China has, in the process of promoting its overall modernization program, made environmental protection one of its basic national policies. China also regarded the realization of sustainable development as an important strategy and carried out throughout the country large-scale measures for pollution prevention and control as well as ecological environment protection. Over the 18 years since its adoption of reform and opening to the outside world, China's gross domestic product has achieved a sustained annual growth of around 10 percent, while its environmental quality has basically steered clear of the outcome of corresponding deterioration. This proved that the principle adopted by China of effecting coordinated development between the economy, the society and the environment has been effective to some extent.

Nevertheless, there are many more problems left unsolved. Air pollution by sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides in major urban areas, which could cause acid rain, and water pollution caused by household effluent and waste disposal have continued to pose great problems, and many more. Furthermore, various development projects, such as resorts, have created more threat to the natural environment.

It is obvious enough to all that China do need some improvements on environmental protection, but how? This is a very difficult question to answer. Below are some advices and solutions that I thought maybe useful.
First, let us look at what other countries have been doing on environmental protection, because this will give us some hints on China’s case. In the years after the Earth Summit, many countries are being urged to implement concrete actions and measures to achieve sustainable development, which was agreed on at the Earth Summit. For example, in Japan, which is said to be the most successful country working on environment protection, during more than 40 years after the establishment of the Environment Agency in 1971, the environmental situation at the national and global levels has undergone substantial changes. At the national level, notable achievements have been made in combating severe pollution during the period of high economic growth. A number of laws, regulations and plans have clarified those measures to be taken by the national and local governments, as well as actions to be carried out by citizens, businesses and private organizations by the beginning of the 21st century. This has also defined the roles of parties involved and the ways and means for effectively pursuing environmental policies.

From Japan’s case we can...

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