Abortion Essay

495 words - 2 pages

Buddha

Penganut agama Buddha dijangka untuk mengambil tanggungjawab penuh segala apa yang mereka lakukan dan akibat yang berikut.

Mengikuti konsep Karma, perbuatan yang baik akan membawa kesan baik manakala perbuatan yang jahat akan membawa padah. Jika hendak mendapat karma yang baik, maka perlulah mematuhi lima rukun moral agama Buddha (Panca Sila) iaitu jangan membunuh, jangan mencuri, jangan berzina, jangan berbohong, dan jangan mengambil dadah atau arak yang boleh mengelirukan akal.

Pengguguran bayi ialah salah satu kesalahan yang serius dalam peraturan atau rukun agama Buddha, kerana salah satu nilai dari lima rukun moral agama Buddha (Panca Sila) ialah jangan membunuh, dan dalam agama Buddha, pengguguran adalah sama dengan membunuh. Menurut ajaran Buddha, lima syarat-syarat mesti hadir untuk membentuk suatu perbuatan membunuh:

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Dalai Lama telah berkata: "Sudah tentu, keguguran, dari sudut pandangan agama Buddha, adalah suatu perbuatan membunuh dan negatif, umumnya. Tetapi ia bergantung pada keadaan. Jika kanak-kanak yang belum lahir akan terbantut atau jika kelahiran itu akan menimbulkan masalah yang serius untuk ibu bapa, ini adalah kes-kes di mana terdapat pengecualian. Saya fikir pengguguran patut diluluskan atau ditolak mengikut keadaan masing-masing."--Dalai Lama, New York Times, 28/11/1993

Islam

Berdasarkan hadith, kata-kata Nabi Muhammad: dia dikumpul di dalam rahim ibunya selama 40 hari pertama, dan kemudian dia menjadi beku selama 40 hari, dan kemudian sekeping daging selama 40 hari.Kemudian Allah menghantar malaikat untuk memberi jiwa ke dalam tubuhnya.

Sebelum 120 hari, janin biasanya tidak dilihat sebagai manusia kerana manusia termasuk kedua-dua badan dan jiwa. Jika jiwa hilang, ia tidak sepenuhnya manusia. Peringkat pertama pembangunan janin telah dipanggil kehidupan biologik, seperti yang dibezakan daripada kehidupan manusia, yang bermula selepas ensoulment pada hari 120.

Pengguguran dibenarkan bila-bila kehamilan, walaupun selepas 120 hari, jika meneruskan kehamilan akan meletakkan kehidupan ibu dalam bahaya sebenar.

Pengguguran sebelum 120 hari konsep adalah dikira atas dasar kes demi kes. Sebagai contoh, ia dibenarkan jika kesihatan ibu terancam atau jika janin dalam tempoh awal kehamilan mengalami kecacatan yang tidak boleh dirawat dan yang akan menyebabkan kesengsaraan kepada kanak-kanak itu.

Jika keputusan kehamilan dipengaruhi oleh keadaan luar(contohnya, rogol), dia dibenarkan untuk menjaga kanak-kanak itu. Jika wanita itu tidak mahu menjaga kanak-kanak itu, beliau boleh menamatkan kehamilan dalam tempoh 120 hari konsep. Selepas 120 hari dari konsep, beliau perlu terus membawa janin sehingga lahir, dan umat Islam perlu membantu dalam meningkatkan anaknya dia harus memerlukan bantuan

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