Prospects of Urban Agriculture in Dhaka City
Syed Morshed Jahan
Institute of Business Administration
University of Dhaka
Urban agriculture is the practice of cultivating, processing, and distributing food in or around a village, town, or city.The most striking feature of urban agriculture, which distinguishes it from rural agriculture, is that it is integrated into the urban economic and ecological system. Such linkages include the use of urban residents as labourers, use of typical urban resources (like organic waste as compost and urban wastewater for irrigation), direct ...view middle of the document...
The main driving forces for farmers in cities to become engaged in urban agriculture are food security and income generation. Apart from food security and poverty alleviation, urban agriculture is most important for public health and sustainable resource management. Urban waste can be converted into organic fertilizers to be used in urban agriculture. Furthermore, more appropriate waste management practices lead to a decrease in health risks. Urban agricultural projects in Dhaka will open up a new labour market in areas that have been negatively affected by industrial outsourcing of jobs.
Dhaka has been moving towards urban agriculture. Many facets of agriculture are taking quite strong shape in Dhaka in order to earn money by the hitherto unemployed city dwellers. The demands of city agricultural products can be met through urban and semi-urban agricultural practices. These demands in fact led to development of small-scale urban vegetable, floriculture and horticulture gardening, poultry, fisheries and livestock production.
Floriculture is an important aspect of Dhaka daily life. Every day there are marriages, birthday parties, meetings etc. where flowers are essential to grace the occasion. Growing markets have also sprung up in different corners of the city to cater the needs of the city dwellers. It creates a lot of job opportunities for the hither unemployed people and brings money to improve their livelihood.
To meet the demand of the huge population of Dhaka, a vast quantity of fruits is needed. To meet the demand and earn money out of selling fruits, fruit plantations have developed in a small scale in the city as well as in the periphery in a scattered way.
Demand for fresh...